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dc.contributorMoukahel, Abdulrahmanen_US
dc.contributorEl Miziani, Inaamen_US
dc.contributorDarwish, Imanen_US
dc.creatorKumari, Safaaen_US
dc.identifier.citationKumari, S. G, A. Moukahel, I. El-Miziani and I. Darwish. 2023. Diagnostic tools applied by ICARDA’s Germplasm Health Unit (GHU) for detection of pests and diseases transmitted via legume and cereal seeds. Abstracts of papers presented in a regional workshop entitled “Advances in Plant Health Technologies in Healthy Plant Propagation Materials Production and Distribution and its role in Food Security”, Basra – Iraq, 15-16 May 2023. Arab Journal of Plant Protection, 41(2): 201-202.
dc.description.abstractSeeds of cereals (wheat, barley) and legumes (faba bean, lentil, chickpea, grasspea) are important exchange materials for farming, crop production, and research at national, regional, and international levels, but with the exchanges comes the danger of introducing new pests (fungi, bacteria, viruses, nematodes, and insects). ICARDA’s Germplasm Health Unit (GHU) is responsible for the monitoring, clearance, and documentation of safe germplasm movement at the Center. All incoming and outgoing genetic resources and breeding germplasm must pass through a strict quarantine monitoring system, including seed health testing. To confirm the health status of seed samples, the GHU conducts different types of tests based on the crops and the nature of the target pest. These tests can be classified into the following four distinct detection groups: direct inspection, incubation tests, immunoassays, and molecular tests. Ideally, seed health tests should be sensitive, specific, rapid, robust, low-cost, and simple to implement and interpret. Thus, ICARDA’s GHU applies different detection assays as part of the monitoring and management system, i.e. (i) visual inspection and floating test for stored insects, (ii) centrifuge washing, agar plate and freezing blotter tests for fungi, (iii) TBIA and ELISA for viruses, (iv) nematode extraction test for nematodes, and (v) agglutination test for bacteria. These tests permit rapid analysis of a large number of samples at a relatively low cost. ICARDA's GHU also developed and applied molecular tools such as high throughput, short lead times, and accurate assays. To fulfill legal and regulatory requirements for certified seed classes and allow for seed movement across international boundaries, ICARDA’s GHU processes annually over 50k samples tested for around 650k diagnostic reactions, for the purpose of short- and long-term conservation, distribution to a minimum of 90 countries and elimination of approximately 10-15% of pest-contaminated samples that could not be curated using phytosanitary treatments. The rejected samples were contaminated generally with fungi, nematodes, and viruses.en_US
dc.publisherArab Society for Plant Protectionen_US
dc.subjectseed and plant healthen_US
dc.subjectdiagnostic toolsen_US
dc.subjectfood secuityen_US
dc.subjectseed-borne diseases/pestsen_US
dc.titleDiagnostic Tools Applied by ICARDA’s Germplasm Health Unit (GHU) for Detection of Pests and Diseases Transmitted via Legume and Cereal Seedsen_US
dc.typeConference Paperen_US
cg.creator.idKumari, Safaa: 0000-0002-4492-6257en_US
cg.creator.idMoukahel, Abdulrahman: 0000-0003-4297-771Xen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.crpGenetic Innovation - GIen_US
cg.contributor.funderCGIAR Trust Funden_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionWestern Asiaen_US
cg.coverage.regionNorthern Africaen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US
cg.subject.sdgSDG 1 - No povertyen_US
cg.subject.sdgSDG 4 - Quality educationen_US
cg.subject.sdgSDG 15 - Life on landen_US
cg.subject.sdgSDG 17 - Partnerships for the goalsen_US
cg.subject.actionAreaGenetic Innovationen_US
cg.subject.impactAreaNutrition, health and food securityen_US
cg.subject.impactAreaPoverty reduction, livelihoods and jobsen_US
cg.subject.impactAreaGender equality, youth and social inclusionen_US
cg.subject.impactAreaEnvironmental health and biodiversityen_US

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