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dc.contributorDessie, Tadelleen_US
dc.contributorHaile, Aynalemen_US
dc.contributorMulatu, Wudyalewen_US
dc.contributorMwai, Ally Okeyoen_US
dc.creatorTerefe, Endashawen_US
dc.identifier.citationEndashaw Terefe, Tadelle Dessie, Aynalem Haile, Wudyalew Mulatu, Ally Okeyo Mwai. (19/8/2015). On-farm phenotypic characterization of Mursi cattle in its production environment in South Omo Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. Animal Genetic Resources, 57, pp. 15-24.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis study was conducted to characterize the morphological peculiarities and performance characteristics of Mursi cattle in its production environment managed by Bodi and Mursi pastoral communities in Southern Ethiopia. A structured questionnaire survey, group discussion, cattle morphological measurements and morphological descriptions were used to collect data. One hundred and two household heads were selected to administer the questionnaire and 201 adult cattle were selected for morphological description and body measurements. The Mursi cattle population was found to have variable coat colour type (85.9 percent) and coat colour pattern (51.3 percent). Body length, chest girth, withers height, rump width and rump length of Mursi cattle were 122.1 ± 0.9, 144.5 ± 0.9, 113 ± 0.1.1, 36.9 ± 0.3 and 20.4 ± 0.3 cm, respectively. Morphological measurements of most linear traits show no difference in the two locations but all measurements vary (P < 0.001) between males and females. Estimated age at first calving was 4.6 years and was significantly (P < 0.0001) higher in the Mursi area, while the calving interval (14.5 months) and cow reproductive life (14.2 years) were the same in both locations. Average daily milk yield (2.1 litres) and lactation length (7.8 months) of Mursi cattle in the two locations were similar. Cattle production was constrained by high disease prevalence, seasonal feed availability, and water shortage, with frequent drought. Trypanosomosis, black leg, anthrax and skin diseases are major cattle diseases reported in the two study areas. Because of its peculiar morphological characteristics, including large body frame, higher production performance, and survivability in the harsh environment, the Mursi cattle can be used as an alternative genetic resource for production improvement programsen_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Press (CUP)en_US
dc.sourceAnimal Genetic Resources;57,(2015) Pagination 15-24en_US
dc.subjectbody measurementen_US
dc.subjectbreed characterizationen_US
dc.subjectmorphological descriptionen_US
dc.titleOn-farm phenotypic characterization of Mursi cattle in its production environment in South Omo Zone, Southwest Ethiopiaen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idDessie, Tadelle: 0000-0002-1630-0417en_US
cg.creator.idHaile, Aynalem: 0000-0001-5914-0487en_US
cg.creator.idMwai, Ally Okeyo: 0000-0003-2379-7801en_US
cg.subject.agrovocmursi cattleen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.contributor.centerArsi Universityen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems - DSen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
dc.identifier.statusLimited accessen_US
cg.journalAnimal Genetic Resourcesen_US

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