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dc.contributorAliye, Sherifen_US
dc.contributorFikre, Asnakeen_US
dc.contributorOjiewo, Chrisen_US
dc.creatorEshete, Millionen_US
dc.identifier.citationMillion Eshete, Sherif Aliye, Asnake Fikre, Chris Ojiewo. (31/12/2015). Community Seed Production of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L. ) and Lentil (Lens culinaris Medic) in Ethiopia.en_US
dc.description.abstractChickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and lentil (Lens culinaris Medic) are the most important grain legumes covering 21.3% of the total acreage (1.6 million ha) and 24.1% of production (23.2 millon tons) of all pulse crops in Ethiopia (CSA 2012). They are grown by more than 1.7 million farmers; are major staple food legumes and are a good source of dietary protein (17 %, 23%). These crops require low input for production and can maintain and restore soil fertility (can fix up to 60 kg N /ha/year). Moreover, they are high potential crops for domestic and export markets and considered to be strategic crops for national food security and agricultural development in the country. Two different types of seed supply systems, formal and informal (community seed production) are known in Ethiopia. To date the majority chickpea and lentil producers obtain their seed for planting informally from own saved seed or through local exchange. The informal seed system for chickpea and lentil currently operates at the individual farmer or community level and depends on local knowledge of plant and seed selection, sourcing, retaining and management, as well as local diffusion mechanisms. It is, therefore, important to continually search for solutions to improve the availability of, access to and use of quality seed required by farmers. In this paper, we provide an overview of community seed production and delivery systems of chickpea and lentil operating in the country; review the initiatives and document best approaches to improve the availability of improved quality seeds to farmers in order to maximize productivity of these crops in Ethiopia.en_US
dc.subjectcommunity seed productionen_US
dc.titleCommunity Seed Production of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and Lentil (Lens culinaris Medic) in Ethiopiaen_US
dc.typeInternal Reporten_US
cg.subject.agrovocseed systemsen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics - ICRISATen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Institute of Tropical Agriculture - IITAen_US
cg.contributor.centerEthiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Debere Zeit Agricultural Research Center - EIAR - DZARCen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes - GLen_US
cg.contributor.funderCGIAR System Organization - CGIARen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US

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