Classification and salt tolerance analysis of barley varieties
Impact factor: 2.848 (Year: 2006)
MetadataShow full item record
Nader Katerji, J. W. van Hoorn, Atef Hamdy, Marcello Mastrorilli, C. Fares, Salvatore Ceccarelli, Stefania Grando, Theib Oweis. (16/9/2006). Classification and salt tolerance analysis of barley varieties. Agricultural Water Management, 85 (1-2), pp. 184-192.
Six varieties of barley (Hordeum vulgare), five of which were provided by ICARDA, were tested in a green house experiment for their salt tolerance. Afterwards the ICARDA variety Melusine, selected from this experiment for its combination of high yield and salt tolerance, was compared in a lysimeter experiment with the variety ISABON3, a very salt tolerant land race originally from Afghanistan. The variety ISABON3 showed a larger grain and straw yield under non-saline and saline conditions. The higher salt tolerance expressed itself during the growth period in: • a higher stomatal conductance during the irrigation interval; • a higher maximum osmotic potential; • a more vigorous growth, less affected by salinity; • no salinity effect on plant height and number of productive stems; • less salinity effect on water use efficiency. The less tolerant variety Melusine showed a better grain quality, expressed by its protein content that even slightly increased at increasing salinity against a decrease of the protein content of ISABON3. The varietal salt tolerance clearly affects the water use efficiency and the salt tolerance classification.