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dc.contributorAdel M. Aboul-Naga, Adelen_US
dc.contributorOsman, Mona Abd El-Zaheren_US
dc.contributorDaoud, Ibrahimen_US
dc.contributorAbdelraheem, Saharen_US
dc.contributorSalah, Ehaben_US
dc.contributorJuanes, Xavieren_US
dc.contributorBonnet, Pascalen_US
dc.creatorAlary, Veroniqueen_US
dc.identifier.citationVeronique Alary, Adel Adel M. Aboul-Naga, Mona Abd El-Zaher Osman, Ibrahim Daoud, Sahar Abdelraheem, Ehab Salah, Xavier Juanes, Pascal Bonnet. (26/3/2018). Desert land reclamation programs and family land dynamics in the Western Desert of the Nile Delta (Egypt), 1960–2010. World Development, 104, pp. 140-153.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe agricultural development on newly reclaimed lands has led to many national debates about food security and budget deficits, and the living conditions of the new settlers at the local level. This debate is still crucial for present day Egypt, a country facing major challenges, including food security, agriculture modernization, employment generation, and land fragmentation due to dramatic population growth. In this context, policy makers are always seeking the best land allocation system for these new lands. This paper analyzes the land tenure and land use dynamics of farmers’ settlements during a program of land reclamation (from 1960 to 2010) in the Western Desert of the Nile Delta. The objective is to describe the land development paths of farm settlement and to identify promising dynamics by cross-referencing the farmers’ stories and their livelihood achievements. To accomplish that, we conducted household surveys and interviews to learn the life stories’ of 175 family farms. Our study finds that, beyond the rules and institutions that fixed the land tenure regimes and its distribution in these new lands, settlers have found different ways to hold on and secure their land farm, even if the unequal land distribution still structure the population. The results highlight also the dynamism of small-scale settlers, regarding livelihood diversification, to face the challenges of these desert environments. In addition, the dual-purpose system embedded in mixed crop-livestock systems can contribute to settlers’ livelihood security. These realities confound the unchanged rhetoric of government and this calls for more social consideration of these new rural spaces based on a combination of heterogeneous networks off relationships and knowledge. The apparent gap between the macro- and micro-perspectives analyses also requires multi-scale assessments. Finally, the life-story method proves to be a complementary and useful approach to integrate the livelihood representation and dynamic.en_US
dc.sourceWorld Development;104,(2017) Pagination 140-153en_US
dc.subjectfarming systemen_US
dc.subjectdesert reclamationen_US
dc.titleDesert land reclamation programs and family land dynamics in the Western Desert of the Nile Delta (Egypt), 1960–2010en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idAlary, Veronique: 0000-0003-4844-5423en_US
cg.subject.agrovocland tenureen_US
cg.subject.agrovocland policiesen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerThe French Agricultural Research Center for International Development - CIRADen_US
cg.contributor.centerAgricultural Research Center, Animal Production Research Institute - ARC - APRIen_US
cg.contributor.centerEgyptian Ministry of Agriculture and Land Reclamation, Desert Research Center - DRCen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems - WLEen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.projectCGIAR Research Program on WLE (CRP 5) - WI/W2 Fundingen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionNorthern Africaen_US
cg.isijournalISI Journalen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US
cg.journalWorld Developmenten_US

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