Improving Water Productivity in Agricultural Systems with emphasis on irrigated production systems
Masafumi Tamura. (15/1/2017). Improving Water Productivity in Agricultural Systems with emphasis on irrigated production systems.
Water is the major limiting factor for agricultural production in the dry areas of Central and West Asia and North Africa (CWANA). Agriculture accounts for around 80% of water consumption in the region. However, the rapidly growing population, industrialization, and urbanization will lead to reallocation of water increasingly away from agriculture to other sectors. On the other hand, high population growth rates require a continuous increase in agricultural production. There are few opportunities for capture of new water resources, and there is a tendency toward non-sustainable over-exploitation of existing sources. Therefore, sustainability of agricultural production depends on conservation and appropriate allocation and management of the scarce water resources in the region. Improving the efficiency of water use through proper crop selection, cropping pattern, cultural practices, and improved management techniques is essential to boost on-farm productivity either under rainfed or irrigated conditions. Another important approach towards improving water use efficiency is to link onfarm issues at the watershed level, applying integrated natural resource management methods. ICARDA's mission is to improve the welfare of livelihoods through agricultural research and training to increase the production, productivity, and quality of food, while preserving or improving the resource base. ICARDA's training courses are designed to improve the capabilities of scientists and technicians in national agricultural research systems (NARS) in developing countries to conduct research independently, and to foster transfer of technology and address issues related to farmers' decisions in adopting or rejecting new technologies. To this end, ICARDA has organized this course.