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dc.contributorSmaili, Moulay Chrifen_US
dc.contributorBenbya, Abdellahen_US
dc.contributorRajabov, Toshpulaten_US
dc.contributorTsivelikas, Athanasiosen_US
dc.creatorChristmann, Stefanieen_US
dc.identifier.citationStefanie Christmann, Moulay Chrif Smaili, Abdellah Benbya, Toshpulat Rajabov, Athanasios Tsivelikas. (22/9/2017). Farming with Alternative Pollinators Creates High Incentives for Farmers for Pollinator Friendly Agriculture. Germany.en_US
dc.description.abstractCurrently, environmental research on pollinator decline does not trigger broad protection of pollinators in particular in agricultural landscapes. Prevailing environmental recommendations, e.g. seeding wildflower strips in and between fields, don’t take farmers’ interests into account. Farmers prefer income from the entire area and they regard wildflowers as weeds potentially spreading their seeds all over the field. Whereas the new agricultural Farming with Alternative Pollinators (FAP) approach uses marketable plants for habitat enhancement and avoids spread of weeds. FAP triggers farmers’ motivation to enhance habitats in fields based on evidence of increased income. FAP measures the impact of enhanced habitats (25 % of the field) on the diversity of pollinators and predators and on the total net income in comparison to control fields having the main crop on 100 % of the field. Pilot projects in Uzbekistan with cucumber and sour cherry as main crops and in Morocco with cucumber as main crop proved high increase of yields of the main crop and higher income per surface based on higher diversity and abundance of pollinators and predators in FAP-fields. In total income from FAP fields was more than double in comparison to control. The incentive of large income gain makes FAP scalable. FAP obviates the need to reward farmers for pollinator-friendly practices. As insect species highly differ in Central Asia and North Africa the approach proved replicability. Trials on more crops are recommended. In case they demonstrate substantial income increases as well, FAP might have high potential to protect pollinators and simultaneously enhance food security. Currently, the increase of horticulture production is mainly based on increase of area, whereas FAP increases the productivity per ha. Thus FAP might reduce the loss of forests and rangelands for establishment of additional fields and orchards. FAP is applicable also in low income countries, which cannot afford subsidies as e.g. the European Union pays.en_US
dc.subjecthabitat zoneen_US
dc.subjectintrinsic motivationen_US
dc.subjectmarketable plantsen_US
dc.titleFarming with Alternative Pollinators Creates High Incentives for Farmers for Pollinator Friendly Agricultureen_US
dc.typeConference Paperen_US
cg.creator.idChristmann, Stefanie: 0000-0002-2303-2449en_US
cg.creator.idTsivelikas, Athanasios: 0000-0001-6267-5079en_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerNational Institute of Agronomic Research Morocco - INRA Moroccoen_US
cg.contributor.centerMohammed V University - UM5en_US
cg.contributor.centerSamarkand State University - SSUen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US

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