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dc.contributorKeles, Gurhanen_US
dc.contributorDemirci, Uguren_US
dc.contributorDogan, Sukruen_US
dc.contributorBen Salem, Hichemen_US
dc.creatorAtes, Serkanen_US
dc.identifier.citationSerkan Ates, Gurhan Keles, Ugur Demirci, Sukru Dogan, Hichem Ben Salem. (1/11/2017). Biomass yield and feeding value of rye, triticale, and wheat straw produced under a dual-purpose management system. Journal of Animal Science, 95 (11), pp. 4893-4903.en_US
dc.description.abstractDual-purpose management of winter cereals for grazing and grain production provides highly nutritive forage for ruminants in the spring and may positively affect straw feeding value. A 2-yr study investigated the effect of spring defoliation of triticale, wheat, and rye at the tillering and stem elongation stages on total biomass, grain yields, and straw quality. Furthermore, straws of spring-defoliated and undefoliated (control) cereal crops were evaluated for nutritional value and voluntary intake as a means of assessing the efficiency of dual-purpose management systems from the winter feeding context as well. The feeding study consisted of 9 total mixed rations (TMR), each containing 35% triticale, rye, or wheat straw obtained under 3 spring-defoliation regimens. The TMR were individually fed to fifty-four 1-yr-old Anatolian Merino ewes for 28 d. Defoliation of the crops at tillering did not affect the total biomass production or grain yields. However, biomass and grain yields were reduced (P < 0.01) by 55 and 52%, respectively, in crops defoliated at stem elongation. Straw of spring-defoliated cereals had less NDF and ADF concentrations (P < 0.01) but greater CP (P < 0.01), nonfiber carbohydrates (P < 0.01), and ME concentrations (P < 0.01) compared with straw from undefoliated crops. The increase in the nutritive value of straw led to greater nutrient digestion (P < 0.01) and intake of DM and OM of ewes (P < 0.01). However, sheep live weight gain did not differ among treatments (P > 0.77). This study indicated that straw feeding value and digestibility can be increased through spring defoliation.en_US
dc.publisherOxford University Press (OUP): Policy B - Oxford Open Option D - CC-BYen_US
dc.sourceJournal of Animal Science;95,(2017) Pagination 4893,4903en_US
dc.titleBiomass yield and feeding value of rye, triticale, and wheat straw produced under a dual-purpose management systemen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idAtes, Serkan: 0000-0001-6825-3248en_US
cg.subject.agrovocmixed farmingen_US
cg.subject.agrovocfeed intakeen_US
cg.contributor.centerBahri Dagdas International Agricultural Research Institute - BDUTAEen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerOregon State University - OSU United Statesen_US
cg.contributor.centerAdnan Menderes University, Faculty of Agricultureen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish - L&Fen_US
cg.contributor.funderAustralian Center for International Agricultural Research - ACIARen_US
cg.contributor.projectForage options for smallholder livestock in water–scarce environments of Afghanistanen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionWestern Asiaen_US
dc.identifier.statusLimited accessen_US

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