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dc.contributorMinhas, P. S.en_US
dc.creatorQadir, Manzooren_US
dc.identifier.citationManzoor Qadir, P. S. Minhas. (26/12/2007). Wastewater Use in Agriculture: Saline and Sodic Waters, in "Encyclopedia of Water Science, Second Edition ". United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Taylor & Francis (CRC Press).en_US
dc.description.abstractIrrigation with urban wastewater is a popular alternative to its discharge into rivers or other water bodies. In addition to organic solutes, wastewater may contain appreciable amounts of inorganic salts, metals, metalloids, detergents, pesticide residues, and medical waste. Major sources of salts in wastewater originate from industrial sector. Salt-prone wastewater can be saline or sodic. Saline wastewater contains excess levels of soluble salts while sodic wastewater is characterized by excess levels of sodium. Irrigation with salt-prone wastewater may result in negative impacts on irrigated crops, soils, and groundwater. Therefore, long-term wastewater irrigation needs special management strategies, which are determined by the crop grown, water quality, rainfall pattern, climate, soil characteristics, groundwater level and quality, and provision of a drainage system.en_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis (CRC Press)en_US
dc.subjectsaline watersen_US
dc.subjectsodic watersen_US
dc.titleWastewater Use in Agriculture: Saline and Sodic Watersen_US
dc.typeBook Chapteren_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerIndian Council of Agricultural Research, National Institute of Abiotic Stress Management - ICAR-NIASMen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US

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