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dc.contributorShideed, Kamelen_US
dc.contributorCeccarelli, Salvatoreen_US
dc.contributorErskine, Williamen_US
dc.contributorGrando, Stefaniaen_US
dc.contributorTutwiler, Richarden_US
dc.creatorAw-Hassan, Aden A.en_US
dc.date2003-01-31en_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-09-25T20:45:55Z
dc.date.available2018-09-25T20:45:55Z
dc.identifierhttps://mel.cgiar.org/dspace/limiteden_US
dc.identifierhttps://ispc.cgiar.org/crop-variety-improvement-and-its-effect-productivityen_US
dc.identifier.citationAden A. Aw-Hassan, Kamel Shideed, Salvatore Ceccarelli, William Erskine, Stefania Grando, Richard Tutwiler. (31/1/2003). The Impact of International and National Investment in Barley Germplasm Improvement in the Developing Countries, in "Crop variety improvement and its effect on productivity: the impact of international agricultural research". United Kingdom: CABI Publishing.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11766/8405
dc.description.abstractBarley grain is used for animal feed, malt and food for human consumption. Archaeological evidence shows that barley was used in human food several thousand years ago (Bhatty, 1992). Although replaced by wheat and rice in modern times, barley still remains an important food grain in some developing countries, particularly in marginal areas where it may be the only viable crop. The annual per capita consumption of barley for the 1995–1997 period was estimated to be 41.0 kg in Morocco, 20.2 kg in Algeria, 16.2 kg in Iraq, 14.3 kg in Ethiopia, 9.4 kg in Tunisia and 6.1 kg in Kazakhstan (FAO, 2001). The most important use of barley grain is for animal feed. Barley straw is used as animal feed in West Asia, North Africa, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Yemen, in the Andean region of South America and in the Far East. Barley stubble is grazed in summer in large areas of West Asia and North Africa. Barley is also used as animal feed at the vegetative stage (green grazing) or is cut before maturity and either directly fed to the animals or used for silage. Barley straw is also used for animal bedding and as cover material for hut roofs. Malting barley, the second largest use after feed, is grown as a cash crop in a number of developing countries.en_US
dc.formatPDFen_US
dc.languageenen_US
dc.publisherCABI Publishingen_US
dc.rightsCC-BY-NC-4.0en_US
dc.subjecteconomic impacten_US
dc.subjectpre-breedingen_US
dc.subjectresearch investmenten_US
dc.subjectBarleyen_US
dc.titleThe Impact of International and National Investment in Barley Germplasm Improvement in the Developing Countriesen_US
dc.typeBook Chapteren_US
cg.creator.ID0000-0002-9236-4949en_US
cg.creator.ID0000-0002-2822-1097en_US
cg.creator.ID-typeORCIDen_US
cg.creator.ID-typeORCIDen_US
cg.subject.agrovocbarleyen_US
cg.subject.agrovocgermplasmen_US
cg.subject.agrovocanimal feedingen_US
cg.subject.agrovocdeveloping countriesen_US
cg.subject.agrovocbarley strawen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerAmerican University of Cairo - AUCen_US
cg.contributor.crpCRP on Dryland Cereals - DCen_US
cg.contributor.crpCRP on Dryland Systems - DSen_US
cg.contributor.crpCRP on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security - CCAFSen_US
cg.contributor.crpCRP on Grain Legumes - GLen_US
cg.contributor.crpCRP on Water, Land and Ecosystems - WLEen_US
cg.contributor.crpCRP on Wheat - WHEATen_US
cg.contributor.crpCRP for Managing and Sustaining Crop Collections - Genebanksen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.date.embargo-end-dateTimelessen_US
cg.coverage.regionNorthern Africaen_US
cg.coverage.regionSouth Americaen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Asiaen_US
cg.coverage.regionWestern Asiaen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
cg.coverage.regionSouthern Asiaen_US
cg.coverage.regionCentral Asiaen_US
cg.coverage.regionCentral Americaen_US
cg.coverage.regionSouth-Eastern Asiaen_US
cg.coverage.countryDZen_US
cg.coverage.countryCLen_US
cg.coverage.countryCNen_US
cg.coverage.countryCYen_US
cg.coverage.countryECen_US
cg.coverage.countryEGen_US
cg.coverage.countryERen_US
cg.coverage.countryETen_US
cg.coverage.countryIRen_US
cg.coverage.countryIQen_US
cg.coverage.countryKZen_US
cg.coverage.countryLBen_US
cg.coverage.countryLYen_US
cg.coverage.countryMXen_US
cg.coverage.countryMAen_US
cg.coverage.countryNPen_US
cg.coverage.countryPKen_US
cg.coverage.countryQAen_US
cg.coverage.countrySYen_US
cg.coverage.countryTRen_US
cg.coverage.countryVNen_US
cg.coverage.countryYEen_US
cg.contacta.aw-hassan@cgiar.orgen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US


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