Towards sustainable and improved water productivity in the old lands of the Nile Delta
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S. A. Abo-El-Enein, Mohamed Sherif, Mohammed Karrou, Theib Oweis, Bogachan Benli, Hamid Farahani. (31/12/2011). Towards sustainable and improved water productivity in the old lands of the Nile Delta, in "Improving water and land productivities in irrigated systems. Community-Based Optimization of the Management of Scarce Water Resources in Agriculture in CWANA. Report no. 10". Aleppo, Syrian Arab Republic: International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).
Almakatei village, located on Alatf canal, was selected purposely to represent the community. Its agricultural land is located across three main districts in Menoufia Governorate – Al Bagour, Shebin Al Koum and Quesna. This was considered as one of the main advantages of selecting this site. El-Menira tertiary on Alatf canal was selected as the site for the study of the pipeline group. It is about 870 m long and it serves an area of about 40 ha. El-Hamra tertiary was selected for the study of the open canal group and serves an area of 30 ha. The climate of the selected site is typical of the Nile delta, it is quite cold and dry in winter with very little rain and it is very humid, dry, and hot in summer. The khammaseen sand storms are common in March and April.