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dc.contributorInglese, Paoloen_US
dc.contributorKaabneh, Awaden_US
dc.contributorAtes, Serkanen_US
dc.contributorLouhaichi, Mouniren_US
dc.creatorHassan, Sawsanen_US
dc.identifier.citationSawsan Hassan, Paolo Inglese, Awad Kaabneh, Serkan Ates, Mounir Louhaichi. (30/3/2017). Evaluation of Opuntia ficus-indica as a multi-purpose species under west Asia conditions. Coquimbo, Chile.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe agronomic potential of Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. a multi-purpose crop is becoming increasingly apparent in arid and semi-arid regions. Nevertheless, the main limitation for the adaptation and distribution of O. ficus−indica is the cold temperatures that cause severe freezing damage or ultimate plant death. The objectives of this study were to assess the cold tolerance of different cactus pear cultivars with various origins and quantify their forage production potentials under semi-arid conditions of Jordan. Cladodes of a total of 40 cactus pear cultivars were planted in April 2013 using a completely randomized design with five replicates. Frost damage was recorded visually after each occasion of frost occurrence in each year, and number of cladodes per plant was quantified. Five cladodes from each established plant were cut and weighed to estimate the cladode green biomass weight. Significant differences in cold/freezing tolerance, pad numbers and biomass production among tested Opuntia ficus-indica cultivars were detected (P<0.01). COPENA V1, 74115_Bab Toza, and 74001 cultivars produced the highest number of pads. 69223_Burbank Azrou, 2_25_15 and Bianca de Bonacardo were the most frost tolerant snice no frost effect observed on any cladode. Seedless Roccapalumba had the lowest number of cladodes and showed high sensitivity to low temperatures. The average cladode weights of 69242_Matmata, 69246_Oueslatia, and COPENA V1 were the highest while Red Roccapalumba and 10_ FOZA10 had the lowest average cladode weight. The findings of this study showed a significant positive correlation between number of cladodes and the average cladode weights (r = 055, P<0.01). Based on the high variations, it can be concluded that the potential of spineless cactus is high to greatly benefit livestock production in arid cold regions especially if we consider cultivar adaptation potential in order to choose the suitable cultivar for each environment.en_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Chileen_US
dc.subjectwest asiaen_US
dc.subjectforage productivityen_US
dc.titleEvaluation of Opuntia ficus-indica as a multi-purpose species under west Asia conditionsen_US
dc.typeConference Paperen_US
cg.creator.idHassan, Sawsan: 0000-0002-5057-8957en_US
cg.creator.idAtes, Serkan: 0000-0001-6825-3248en_US
cg.creator.idLouhaichi, Mounir: 0000-0002-4543-7631en_US
cg.subject.agrovocfrost damageen_US
cg.contributor.centerNational Agricultural Research Center (National Center for Agricultural Research and Extension) - NARC (NCARE)en_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Palermo, Department of Agricultural Sciences - UNIPA-DoASen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Livestock Agri-Food Systems - LAFSen_US
cg.contributor.funderArab Fund for Economic and Social Development - AFESDen_US
cg.contributor.projectSustainability and Operation of the Regional Research Centers in a Number of Arab Countries (Phase II)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionWestern Asiaen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US

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