Chemical analyses and anthelmintic effects of Artemisia campestris essential oil
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Amel Abidi, E. Sebai, Mokhtar Dhibi, Dhouha Alimi, Mourad Rekik, Fatma B'chir, R. M. Maizels, Hafidh Akkari. (30/11/2018). Chemical analyses and anthelmintic effects of Artemisia campestris essential oil. Veterinary Parasitology, 263, pp. 59-65.
The present study aimed at analyzing the chemical composition and evaluating the in vitro and in vivo anthelmintic activity of Artemisia campestris essential oil aerial parts. The chemical composition was analysed by gaz chromatography/mass chromatography (GC/MS). Fifty compounds were identified representing 99.98% of the total oil. A. campestris essential oil was dominated by beta-pinene (36.40%) and 2-undecanone (14.7%). The in vitro anthelmintic activity tests of A. campestris essential oil were performed on Haemonchus contortus using egg hatch assay (EHA) and adult worm’s motility assay (AWMA) compared with a reference drug albendazole. In the EHA 100% inhibition was observed at 2 mg/ml after 48 h incubation (IC50 = 0.93 mg/ml). In the AWMA, essential oil induced 66.6% inhibition at 0.5 mg/ml after 8 h post exposure. The nematicidal effect of essential oil was evaluated on Heligmosomoides polygyrus. It was monitored through faecal egg count reduction (FECR) and total worm count reduction (TWCR). Three doses (2000, 4000 and 5000 mg/kg) were studied using a bioassay. The dose of 5000 mg/kg showed a high nematicidal activity (72.1% FECR and 72% TWCR), 7 days post-treatment. The results of the present study suggest that A. campestris essential oil has a potential anthelmintic activity and further studies are required in order to establish its mechanisms of action.