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dc.contributorTounou, Agbékoen_US
dc.contributorDannon, Elieen_US
dc.contributorDatinon, Benjaminen_US
dc.contributorAgboton, Cyriaqueen_US
dc.contributorSrinivasan, Ramasamyen_US
dc.contributorPittendrigh, Barryen_US
dc.contributorTamo, Manueleen_US
dc.creatorAgbessenou, Ayaovien_US
dc.date2018-04-05en_US
dc.date.accessioned2019-03-11T01:07:18Z
dc.date.available2019-03-11T01:07:18Z
dc.identifierhttps://mel.cgiar.org/dspace/limiteden_US
dc.identifier.citationAyaovi Agbessenou, Agbéko Tounou, Elie Dannon, Benjamin Datinon, Cyriaque Agboton, Ramasamy Srinivasan, Barry Pittendrigh, Manuele Tamo. (5/4/2018). Influence of Rearing Substrates and Nontarget Hosts on the Bionomics of the Tachinid Parasitoid Nemorilla maculosa (Diptera: Tachinidae). Environmental Entomology, 4 (2), pp. 356-363.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11766/9635
dc.description.abstractThe tachinid Nemorilla maculosa Meigen (Diptera: Tachinidae) was introduced from Taiwan to Benin for evaluating its potential as a biocontrol candidate against the cowpea pest Maruca vitrata (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). To optimize its rearing, we assessed the influence of M. vitrata larval age and rearing substrate—cowpea germinating grains and peabush leaves—on its life table parameters, while its host specificity was investigated with regard to nontarget effects. Parasitism rates were higher when older larvae (10- and 14-d old) were offered to females of N. maculosa compared to the younger (2-, 4-, and 6-d old) host larvae. Regardless of the rearing substrate, development time was longer for females than males, and females lived longer than males irrespective of the age of the host. Sex ratio did not vary significantly with host ages or rearing substrate. The average number of eggs laid by a female reared from M. vitrata larvae feeding on cowpea germinating grains or peabush leaves was 94.2 ± 4.38 and 71.9 ± 1.70 eggs, respectively. The host suitability of N. maculosa was assessed by testing four nontarget Lepidoptera species: Spodoptera littoralis Boisduval (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), Sesamia calamistis Hampson (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), Corcyra cephalonica (Stainton) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae), and Eldana saccharina Walker (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). Larvae of S. littoralis and C. cephalonica were successfully parasitized while N. maculosa did not develop in the larvae of E. saccharina and S. calamistis although they were parasitized. Despite the potential of N. maculosa as a biological control agent against the pod borer M. vitrata, more detailed nontarget studies, extending to other native Crambidae species, are needed before making decisions on field releases.en_US
dc.formatPDFen_US
dc.languageenen_US
dc.publisherOxford University Press (OUP): Policy F - Oxford Open Option Den_US
dc.rightsCC-BY-NC-4.0en_US
dc.sourceEnvironmental Entomology;4,(2018) Pagination 356,363en_US
dc.subjectsesbania cannabinaen_US
dc.subjectrearing substrateen_US
dc.titleInfluence of Rearing Substrates and Nontarget Hosts on the Bionomics of the Tachinid Parasitoid Nemorilla maculosa (Diptera: Tachinidae)en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idTamo, Manuele: 0000-0002-5863-7421en_US
cg.creator.ID-typeORCIDen_US
cg.subject.agrovocmaruca vitrataen_US
cg.subject.agrovochost suitabilityen_US
cg.subject.agrovoccowpeasen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Lomé, College of agriculture - UL - ESAen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Institute of Tropical Agriculture - IITAen_US
cg.contributor.centerThe World Vegetable Center - AVRDCen_US
cg.contributor.centerMichigan State University - MSUen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals - GLDCen_US
cg.contributor.funderUnited States Agency for International Development - USAIDen_US
cg.contributor.funderCGIAR System Organization - CGIARen_US
cg.date.embargo-end-dateTimelessen_US
cg.coverage.regionWestern Africaen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Asiaen_US
cg.coverage.countryBJen_US
cg.coverage.countryTWen_US
cg.contactM.Tamo@cgiar.orgen_US
cg.identifier.doihttps://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ee/nvy007en_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US
mel.impact-factor1.661en_US


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