Adapative Management of Water Resources to Increase Agricultural Productivity
MetadataShow full item record
Timeless limited access
While the future of agricultural development in Egypt depends on water, the country is not located within the belt of rainy countries. With 97% of Egypt’s total agriculture classified under irrigated agriculture, water resources’ management is considered a key pillar for agricultural production in Egypt. It is therefore important to maximize efficiency per water unit and rationalize water use in order to meet the growing demand for water for agricultural and non-agricultural purposes. It is worth mentioning that water resources in Egypt varies between conventional resources like the Nile River; groundwater reservoir and rain; and non-conventional resources like agricultural drainage water, which use started with the beginning of reclaiming new lands in Egypt. However, Egypt mainly relies on River Nile's water in agricultural production. By virtue of the Nile River Water Use Agreement, signed by Egypt and Sudan in 1959, Egypt receives a quota of 55.5 billion cubic meters per year, eligible to reach 67.6 billion cubic meters per year, up by 12.1 billion cubic meters, in case new water resources in the Upper Nile basin are available.