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dc.contributorMaziya-dixon, Bussieen_US
dc.contributorGondwe, Thereseen_US
dc.contributorAkello, Julieten_US
dc.contributorSakala, Nancyen_US
dc.contributorMunthali, Graceen_US
dc.contributorMukanga, Mweshien_US
dc.creatorAlamu, Emmanuelen_US
dc.date2018-02-11en_US
dc.date.accessioned2019-05-04T14:04:44Z
dc.date.available2019-05-04T14:04:44Z
dc.identifierhttps://mel.cgiar.org/dspace/limiteden_US
dc.identifierhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1002/fsn3.621en_US
dc.identifier.citationEmmanuel Alamu, Bussie Maziya-dixon, Therese Gondwe, Juliet Akello, Nancy Sakala, Grace Munthali, Mweshi Mukanga. (11/2/2018). Nutrient and aflatoxin contents of traditional complementary foods consumed by children of 6–24 months.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11766/9925
dc.description.abstractThe nutrient composition and safety of complementary foods have recently become areas of concern, especially with regard to aflatoxin contamination which has been found to adversely affect health outcomes. This study presents the nutrient and aflatoxin contents of complementary foods consumed by children (6–24 months) and infants and young child feeding practices of mothers from two districts in eastern and southern Zambia. A total of 400 mother–child pairs were recruited from Monze and Chipata districts, and data on breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices were collected twice at 3-month interval using a structured questionnaire. Samples of two traditional complementary foods (Maize Nshima and Maize porridge) were collected from the mothers and analyzed for nutrient contents and aflatoxin contamination. The results showed that there is a high level of awareness on exclusive breastfeeding among mothers. Fat, protein, carbohydrate, and ash contents of Maize nshima from Chipata were significantly lower (p < .05) compared to those from Monze district except for starch and sugar. Monze mothers preferred to prepare a thicker Maize nshima and Maize porridge compared to their Chipata counterparts. The aflatoxin contamination showed that the Maize porridge samples from Chipata were the most contaminated with mean aflatoxin content of 5.8 ± 15.93 mg/100 g, while Maize nshima was the most contaminated of the two complementary foods from Monze districts with mean aflatoxin level of 3.8 ± 6.41 mg/100 g. There were significant (p < .05) positive correlations between fat and aflatoxin contents for Chipata samples (r = .12409) and for Monze samples (r = .13666). The traditional complementary foods studied were found to be low in fat and protein and high in aflatoxin contamination. Thus, it is imperative that best practices and interventions are designed and introduced to reduce the possible lethal health implications of consumption of such complementary foods by children under 5 years.en_US
dc.formatPDFen_US
dc.languageenen_US
dc.publisherWiley Open Accessen_US
dc.rightsCC-BY-NC-4.0en_US
dc.sourceFood Science and Nutrition;(2018)en_US
dc.subjectaflatoxinen_US
dc.subjectbreastfeedingen_US
dc.subjectcomplementary foodsen_US
dc.titleNutrient and aflatoxin contents of traditional complementary foods consumed by children of 6–24 monthsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.ID0000-0001-6263-1359en_US
cg.creator.ID-typeORCIDen_US
cg.subject.agrovocporridgeen_US
cg.contributor.centerZambia Agriculture Research Institute - ZARIen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Institute of Tropical Agriculture - IITAen_US
cg.contributor.centerNational Institute of Scientific and Industrial Researchen_US
cg.contributor.centerMinistry of Agriculture and Livestock - MAL Zambiaen_US
cg.contributor.crpCRP on Grain Legumes - GLen_US
cg.contributor.funderCGIAR System Office - CGIAR - Sysen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Institute of Tropical Agriculture - IITAen_US
cg.date.embargo-end-dateTimelessen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
cg.coverage.countryZMen_US
cg.contactdejialamu2001@yahoo.co.uken_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US


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