Show simple item record

dc.contributorMaziya-dixon, Bussieen_US
dc.contributorGondwe, Thereseen_US
dc.contributorAkello, Julieten_US
dc.contributorSakala, Nancyen_US
dc.contributorMunthali, Graceen_US
dc.contributorMukanga, Mweshien_US
dc.creatorAlamu, Emmanuelen_US
dc.identifier.citationEmmanuel Alamu, Bussie Maziya-dixon, Therese Gondwe, Juliet Akello, Nancy Sakala, Grace Munthali, Mweshi Mukanga. (11/2/2018). Nutrient and aflatoxin contents of traditional complementary foods consumed by children of 6–24 months. Food Science and Nutrition.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe nutrient composition and safety of complementary foods have recently become areas of concern, especially with regard to aflatoxin contamination which has been found to adversely affect health outcomes. This study presents the nutrient and aflatoxin contents of complementary foods consumed by children (6–24 months) and infants and young child feeding practices of mothers from two districts in eastern and southern Zambia. A total of 400 mother–child pairs were recruited from Monze and Chipata districts, and data on breastfeeding and complementary feeding practices were collected twice at 3-month interval using a structured questionnaire. Samples of two traditional complementary foods (Maize Nshima and Maize porridge) were collected from the mothers and analyzed for nutrient contents and aflatoxin contamination. The results showed that there is a high level of awareness on exclusive breastfeeding among mothers. Fat, protein, carbohydrate, and ash contents of Maize nshima from Chipata were significantly lower (p < .05) compared to those from Monze district except for starch and sugar. Monze mothers preferred to prepare a thicker Maize nshima and Maize porridge compared to their Chipata counterparts. The aflatoxin contamination showed that the Maize porridge samples from Chipata were the most contaminated with mean aflatoxin content of 5.8 ± 15.93 mg/100 g, while Maize nshima was the most contaminated of the two complementary foods from Monze districts with mean aflatoxin level of 3.8 ± 6.41 mg/100 g. There were significant (p < .05) positive correlations between fat and aflatoxin contents for Chipata samples (r = .12409) and for Monze samples (r = .13666). The traditional complementary foods studied were found to be low in fat and protein and high in aflatoxin contamination. Thus, it is imperative that best practices and interventions are designed and introduced to reduce the possible lethal health implications of consumption of such complementary foods by children under 5 years.en_US
dc.publisherWiley Open Accessen_US
dc.sourceFood Science and Nutrition;(2018)en_US
dc.titleNutrient and aflatoxin contents of traditional complementary foods consumed by children of 6–24 monthsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idAlamu, Emmanuel: 0000-0001-6263-1359en_US
cg.creator.idGondwe, Therese: 0000-0002-4522-7060en_US
cg.creator.idAkello, Juliet: 0000-0003-4780-4850en_US
cg.subject.agrovoccomplementary foodsen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Institute of Tropical Agriculture - IITAen_US
cg.contributor.centerZambia Agriculture Research Institute - ZARIen_US
cg.contributor.centerMinistry of Agriculture - MAL Zambiaen_US
cg.contributor.centerNational Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research - NISIRen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes - GLen_US
cg.contributor.funderCGIAR System Organization - CGIARen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Institute of Tropical Agriculture - IITAen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
cg.isijournalISI Journalen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US
cg.journalFood Science and Nutritionen_US

Files in this item


There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

DSpace software copyright © 2002-2016  DuraSpace
MELSpace content providers and partners accept no liability to any consequence resulting from use of the content or data made available in this repository. Users of this content assume full responsibility for compliance with all relevant national or international regulations and legislation.
Theme by 
Atmire NV