Show simple item record

dc.contributorZöbisch, Michaelen_US
dc.contributorBruggeman, Adrianaen_US
dc.contributorHayek, Pierreen_US
dc.contributorKardous, M.en_US
dc.creatorMasri, Z.en_US
dc.identifier.citationZ. Masri, Michael Zöbisch, Adriana Bruggeman, Pierre Hayek, M. Kardous. (23/10/2003). Wind erosion in a marginal Mediterranean dryland area: a case study from the Khanasser Valley, Syria. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 28 (11), pp. 1211-1222.en_US
dc.description.abstractEvidence of wind erosion is widespread in the drylands of the Mediterranean region. The purpose of this study was to quantify the extent of windblown dust and to assess the factors that affect the susceptibility to wind erosion in areas that are marginal due to their aridity. The study was carried out in Khanasser Valley, a typical degraded, marginal area in northwestern Syria. The average annual rainfall is about 200 mm and falls mainly in the winter months. In the valley floor, cultivation of rainfed barley using conventional tillage has spread over the past decades due to mechanization, reducing the area of natural grazing land. After harvest, the stubble is grazed by sheep leaving the land bare and vulnerable to wind erosion during the following hot and dry summer months. BSNE (Big Spring Number Eight) samplers were installed to sample the horizontal flux of airborne dust during the summer months of 1998–2001 at two land uses in the study area, i.e. on natural grazing land and on harvested and grazed barley fields. Sediment samples were collected at weekly intervals. The average daily mass flux of airborne material for the 5 to 100 cm height was 0·285 g cm−1 width for the cropland, as compared to 0·089 g cm−1 width for the degraded grazing land. During two of the four seasons, more than 45 per cent of the total airborne sediment trapped for the season was captured during a single week, at both landuse locations. The quantity of airborne materials transported by wind was related to the wind factor, soil management and surface conditions. Nutrient and organic matter content of the airborne sediments exceeded the amounts in the parent soils, indicating that wind erosion could contribute to nutrient depletion of the source areas. Copyright © 2003 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.en_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sonsen_US
dc.rightsCopyrighted; Non-commercial educational use onlyen_US
dc.sourceEarth Surface Processes and Landforms;28,(2003) Pagination 1211-1222en_US
dc.subjectaggregate distributionen_US
dc.titleWind erosion in a marginal Mediterranean dryland area: a case study from the Khanasser Valley, Syriaen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.subject.agrovocwind erosionen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerArid Regions Institute - IRAen_US
cg.contributor.centerAsian Institute of Technology - AITen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionWestern Asiaen_US
cg.isijournalISI Journalen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US
cg.journalEarth Surface Processes and Landformsen_US

Files in this item


There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

DSpace software copyright © 2002-2016  DuraSpace
MELSpace content providers and partners accept no liability to any consequence resulting from use of the content or data made available in this repository. Users of this content assume full responsibility for compliance with all relevant national or international regulations and legislation.
Theme by 
Atmire NV