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dc.contributorCharruau, Paulineen_US
dc.contributorMohandesan, Elmiraen_US
dc.contributorMwacharo, Joramen_US
dc.contributorOrozco-terWengel, Pabloen_US
dc.contributorPitt, Danielen_US
dc.contributorAbdussamad, Abdussamad M.en_US
dc.contributorUerpmann, Margareteen_US
dc.contributorUerpmann, Hans-Peteren_US
dc.contributorDe Cupere, Beaen_US
dc.contributorMagee, Peteren_US
dc.contributorALNaqeeb, Majed Ahmeden_US
dc.contributorSalim, Bashiren_US
dc.contributorRaziq, Abdulen_US
dc.contributorDessie, Tadelleen_US
dc.contributorAbdelhadi, Omer M.en_US
dc.contributorBanabazi, Mohammad H.en_US
dc.contributorAl-Eknah, Marzooken_US
dc.contributorWalzer, Chrisen_US
dc.contributorFaye, Bernarden_US
dc.contributorHofreiter, Michaelen_US
dc.contributorPeters, Jorisen_US
dc.contributorHanotte, Olivieren_US
dc.contributorBurger, Pamelaen_US
dc.creatorAlmathen, Faisalen_US
dc.identifier.citationFaisal Almathen, Pauline Charruau, Elmira Mohandesan, Joram Mwacharo, Pablo Orozco-terWengel, Daniel Pitt, Abdussamad M. Abdussamad, Margarete Uerpmann, Hans-Peter Uerpmann, Bea De Cupere, Peter Magee, Majed Ahmed ALNaqeeb, Bashir Salim, Abdul Raziq, Tadelle Dessie, Omer M. Abdelhadi, Mohammad H. Banabazi, Marzook Al-Eknah, Chris Walzer, Bernard Faye, Michael Hofreiter, Joris Peters, Olivier Hanotte, Pamela Burger. (9/6/2016). Ancient and modern DNA reveal dynamics of domestication and cross-continental dispersal of the dromedary. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America - PNAS, 113 (24), pp. 6707-6712.en_US
dc.description.abstractDromedaries have been fundamental to the development of human societies in arid landscapes and for long-distance trade across hostile hot terrains for 3,000 y. Today they continue to be an important livestock resource in marginal agro-ecological zones. However, the history of dromedary domestication and the influence of ancient trading networks on their genetic structure have remained elusive. We combined ancient DNA sequences of wild and early-domesticated dromedary samples from arid regions with nuclear microsatellite and mitochondrial genotype information from 1,083 extant animals collected across the species’ range. We observe little phylogeographic signal in the modern population, indicative of extensive gene flow and virtually affecting all regions except East Africa, where dromedary populations have remained relatively isolated. In agreement with archaeological findings, we identify wild dromedaries from the southeast Arabian Peninsula among the founders of the domestic dromedary gene pool. Approximate Bayesian computations further support the “restocking from the wild” hypothesis, with an initial domestication followed by introgression from individuals from wild, now-extinct populations. Compared with other livestock, which show a long history of gene flow with their wild ancestors, we find a high initial diversity relative to the native distribution of the wild ancestor on the Arabian Peninsula and to the brief coexistence of early-domesticated and wild individuals. This study also demonstrates the potential to retrieve ancient DNA sequences from osseous remains excavated in hot and dry desert environments.en_US
dc.publisherNational Academy of Sciencesen_US
dc.sourceProceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America - PNAS;113,(2016) Pagination 6707-6712en_US
dc.subjectdry areasen_US
dc.titleAncient and modern DNA reveal dynamics of domestication and cross-continental dispersal of the dromedaryen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idMwacharo, Joram: 0000-0001-6981-8140en_US
cg.creator.idDessie, Tadelle: 0000-0002-1630-0417en_US
cg.creator.idHanotte, Olivier: 0000-0002-2877-4767en_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.contributor.centerBayero University, Centre for Dryland Agriculture - BUK-CDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerThe French Agricultural Research Center for International Development - CIRADen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Khartoum - UofKen_US
cg.contributor.centerAgricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Animal Science Research Institute of Iran - AREEO - ASRIen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Nottingham - UoN UKen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Potsdamen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Veterinary Medicine Vienna, Department of Interdisciplinary Life Sciences, Research Institute of Wildlife Ecology - VETMEDUNI - ILS - RIWEen_US
cg.contributor.centerKing Faisal University - KFUen_US
cg.contributor.centerCardiff Universityen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Tübingenen_US
cg.contributor.centerRoyal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciencesen_US
cg.contributor.centerKuwait Universityen_US
cg.contributor.centerLasbela University of Agriculture, Water and Marine Sciencesen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Kordofanen_US
cg.contributor.centerInstitute of Population Geneticsen_US
cg.contributor.centerLudwig Maximilian University of Munich - LMU Munichen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Nottingham, School of Life Sciences - UoN UK - School of Life Sciencesen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Livestock and Fish - L&Fen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionNorthern Africaen_US
cg.coverage.regionWestern Asiaen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US
cg.journalProceedings of the National Academy of Science of the United States of America - PNASen_US

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