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dc.contributorAgele, S.Oen_US
dc.contributorTraore, Pierre C. Sibiryen_US
dc.contributorAdam, Myriamen_US
dc.contributorWhitbread, Anthonyen_US
dc.creatorAkinseye, Folorunsoen_US
dc.identifier.citationFolorunso Akinseye, S. O Agele, Pierre C. Sibiry Traore, Myriam Adam, Anthony Whitbread. (31/5/2016). Evaluation of the onset and length of growing season to define planting date—‘a case study for Mali (West Africa)’. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 124 (3), pp. 973-983.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe agroecological zones (AEZ) of Mali fall within the semi-arid climate, the ability to determine efficiently or predict accurately the onset of growing season (OGS), and length of growing season (LGS) cannot be over-emphasized due to highly variable rainfall pattern and the dependence of smallholder farmers practising on rainfed farming agriculture. In this study, we determined the most suitable method for predicting the onset date of rainfall across AEZ that fitted with the planting windows of major cereal crops (maize, millet, and sorghum). Using long-term daily rainfall records from 22 meteorological stations spread across AEZ of Mali, four (4) known methods were applied to determine the onset dates of the rain. The mean onset dates were statistically compared with the farmer’s planting window for the selected weather stations to determine the suitable dates of OGS and LGS. The hypothesis considered a time lag minimum of 7 days between the mean onset date and traditional farmer sowing dates for the crops. Then, the preferred method was used to estimate OGS based on early, normal and late dates respectively across the stations. Also, the estimated LGS according to each zone was evaluated using probability distribution chart with duration to maturity for varieties of the same crops. The results showed that Def_4 was found appropriate for Sahelian and Sudano-Sahelian zones; Def_3 satisfied the criteria and exhibited superior capacity into farmer’s average planting date over Sudanian and Guinea Savannah zones. These results have an important application in cropping systems in order to prevent crop failure and ensure a better choice of crop variety according to LGS under climate variability and change being experienced across Mali.en_US
dc.publisherSpringer Verlag (Germany)en_US
dc.sourceTheoretical and Applied Climatology;124,(2016) Pagination 973,983en_US
dc.subjectagroecological zonesen_US
dc.titleEvaluation of the onset and length of growing season to define planting date—‘a case study for Mali (West Africa)’en_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idAdam, Myriam: 0000-0002-8873-6762en_US
cg.creator.idWhitbread, Anthony: 0000-0003-4840-7670en_US
cg.subject.agrovoccereal cropsen_US
cg.subject.agrovocrainfed farmingen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics - ICRISATen_US
cg.contributor.centerFederal University of Technologyen_US
cg.contributor.centerThe French Agricultural Research Center for International Development - CIRADen_US
cg.contributor.crpCRP on Dryland Systems - DSen_US
cg.contributor.funderNot Applicableen_US
cg.coverage.regionWestern Africaen_US
dc.identifier.statusLimited accessen_US

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