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dc.contributorGetachew, Tesfayeen_US
dc.contributorMirkena, Tadeleen_US
dc.contributorDuguma, Gemedaen_US
dc.contributorGizaw Assefa, Solomonen_US
dc.contributorWurzinger, Mariaen_US
dc.contributorSölkner, Johannen_US
dc.contributorMwai, Ally Okeyoen_US
dc.contributorDessie, Tadelleen_US
dc.contributorAtilaw, Abebeen_US
dc.contributorAbate, Zelalemen_US
dc.contributorJembere, Temesgenen_US
dc.contributorRekik, Mouraden_US
dc.contributorBraga Lobo, Raimundo Nonatoen_US
dc.contributorMwacharo, Joramen_US
dc.contributorZelalem, Terfaen_US
dc.contributorKassie, Girmaen_US
dc.contributorRischkowsky, Barbaraen_US
dc.creatorHaile, Aynalemen_US
dc.identifier.citationAynalem Haile, Tesfaye Getachew, Tadele Mirkena, Gemeda Duguma, Solomon Gizaw Assefa, Maria Wurzinger, Johann Sölkner, Ally Okeyo Mwai, Tadelle Dessie, Abebe Atilaw, Zelalem Abate, Temesgen Jembere, Mourad Rekik, Raimundo Nonato Braga Lobo, Joram Mwacharo, Terfa Zelalem, Girma Kassie, Barbara Rischkowsky. (14/3/2019). Community-based sheep breeding programs in Ethiopia generated substantial genetic gains and socio-economic benefits.en_US
dc.description.abstractIn small ruminants, Community-based breeding programs (CBBPs) have been suggested as an alternative to centralized government-controlled breeding schemes which were implemented in many developing countries. An innovative methodological framework on how to design, implement and sustain CBBPs was tested in three sites/breeds (Bonga, Horro and Menz) in Ethiopia. In our CBBPs, selection traits identified through participatory approaches were six-month weights in all the three sites, and in Horro and Bonga, where resources, particularly feed and water, permit larger litter sizes, twinning rate was included. Ten years (2009-2018) performance data from the programs were analyzed using Average Information Restricted Maximum Likelihood method (AI-REML). Additionally, socio-economic impact of CBBPs were assessed. Results indicated that six months weight, the major selection trait in our CBBPs, increased over the years in all breeds. In Bonga, the average increase was 0.21 ± 0.018 kg/year, followed by average increase of 0.18 ± 0.007kg/year in Horro and 0.11 ± 0.003 kg/year for Menz. This is quite substantial in an on-farm situation. The birth weight of lambs has not improved over the years in Bonga and Horro sheep. In Menz, there is significant increase. Given that we have not selected for birth weight in the community flocks we did not expect genetic change. However, there could have been a positive effect through correlated responses which was not the case in Bonga and Horro sheep. In Horro and Bonga sheep, where twinning rate was one of the selection traits, litter size increased over the years: 15.4% in Bonga and 11.6% in Horro. This increase combined with the increased six months body weight has increased income (20 percent) and farm-level meat consumption (from slaughter of one sheep per year to three). The results show that CBBPs are technically feasible, result in measurable genetic gains in performance traits and impact on the livelihood of farmers.en_US
dc.subjectlocal breedsen_US
dc.subjectgenetic trenden_US
dc.titleCommunity-based sheep breeding programs in Ethiopia generated substantial genetic gains and socio-economic benefitsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idHaile, Aynalem: 0000-0001-5914-0487en_US
cg.creator.idGetachew, Tesfaye: 0000-0002-0544-6314en_US
cg.creator.idGizaw Assefa, Solomon: 0000-0002-7489-062Xen_US
cg.creator.idMwai, Ally Okeyo: 0000-0003-2379-7801en_US
cg.creator.idDessie, Tadelle: 0000-0002-1630-0417en_US
cg.creator.idRekik, Mourad: 0000-0001-7455-2017en_US
cg.creator.idMwacharo, Joram: 0000-0001-6981-8140en_US
cg.creator.idKassie, Girma: 0000-0001-7430-4291en_US
cg.creator.idRischkowsky, Barbara: 0000-0002-0035-471Xen_US
cg.subject.agrovocbody weighten_US
cg.subject.agrovoclitter sizeen_US
cg.contributor.centerEthiopian Institute of Agricultural Research - EIARen_US
cg.contributor.centerOromia Agricultural Research Institute - IQQOen_US
cg.contributor.centerSouthern Agricultural Research Institute - SARI, Ethiopiaen_US
cg.contributor.centerAmhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute - ARARIen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.contributor.centerWollega Universityen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Natural Resources and LIfe Science - BOKUen_US
cg.contributor.centerBonga Agricultural Research Center - BARCen_US
cg.contributor.centerAmhara Regional Agricultural Research Institute, Debre Birhan Agricultural Research Center - ARARI-DBARCen_US
cg.contributor.centerOromia Agricultural Research Institute, Bako Agricultural Research Center - IQQO - BARCen_US
cg.contributor.centerEmpresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - EMBRAPAen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Livestock Agri-Food Systems - LAFSen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.contributor.projectCGIAR Research Program on Livestock Agri-Food Systemsen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
dc.identifier.statusLimited accessen_US

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