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dc.contributorVillamor, Graceen_US
dc.contributorSnapp, Sieglindeen_US
dc.contributorTamene, Lulsegeden_US
dc.contributorLe, Quang Baoen_US
dc.contributorBorgemeister, Christianen_US
dc.creatorMponela, Powellen_US
dc.identifier.citationMponela P, Villamor GB, Snapp S, Tamene L, Le QB, Borgemeister C. The role of women empowerment and labour dependency on adoption of integrated soil fertility management in Malawi. Soil Use Manage. 2020; 00: 1–13.
dc.description.abstractThis paper explores the role of women empowerment and labour on enabling farmers to cross two hurdles: adopt and intensify soil fertility management (SFM), coming after six decades of SFM research that disseminated several technologies. Despite the assertion that productivity gains cannot be realized unless drivers of soil degradation are addressed, SFM usage is low. We collected data from a systematically drawn random sample of 238 farmers, representing 30% of farming households in five villages in Malawi's Rift Valley escarpments and analysed using a double-hurdle model. Descriptive results show that 90% of the respondents used inorganic fertilizers, 72% planted legumes and 57% applied organic manure. The empirical analysis shows that one percentage point increase in dependency ratio reduces probability to apply organic amendments by 0.4 percentage points and erodes the positive influence of increasing labour on application of inorganic fertilizer. As women become increasingly empowered in decision-making, there are significant trade-offs: a percentage point increase in women empowerment in agriculture index (WEAI) potentially leads to a one-third percentage point increase in the area allocated to legumes but reduces the amount of organic manure applied with higher elasticity of two percentage points. Considering the trade-offs, sustainable intensification could be achieved by harnessing the positive influences while concurrently reducing the negative ones over a decision space. Notably, addressing the negative effect associated with women empowerment on manuring could unlock potentials for integrated SFM as women are already engaged in legume cropping.en_US
dc.publisherWiley (12 months)en_US
dc.sourceSoil Use and Management;(2020)en_US
dc.subjectsoil fertility managementen_US
dc.subjectmaize mixed farming systemsen_US
dc.subjectrift valley escarpmentsen_US
dc.titleThe role of women empowerment and labour dependency on adoption of integrated soil fertility management in Malawien_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idTamene, Lulseged: 0000-0002-3806-8890en_US
cg.creator.idLe, Quang Bao: 0000-0001-8514-1088en_US
cg.subject.agrovocdependency ratioen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Tropical Agriculture - CIATen_US
cg.contributor.centerMichigan State University - MSUen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Bonn, Center for Development Research - Uni-Bonn - ZEFen_US
cg.contributor.centerNew Zealand Forest Research Institute Limited - SCIONen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes and Dryland Cereals - GLDCen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Tropical Agriculture - CIATen_US
cg.contributor.funderDeutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst - DAADen_US
cg.contributor.funderFoundation fiat panisen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
cg.isijournalISI Journalen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US
cg.journalSoil Use and Managementen_US

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