Cadmium Contamination of Soils and Crops by Long Term Use of Raw Effluent, Ground and Canal Waters in Agricultural Lands
Impact factor: 0.822 (Year: 2016)
MetadataShow full item record
Amir Hussain, Ghulam Murtaza, Abdul Ghafoor, Shahzad Maqsood Ahmed Basra, Manzoor Qadir, Mohammed Sabir. (1/1/2016). Cadmium Contamination of Soils and Crops by Long Term Use of Raw Effluent, Ground and Canal Waters in Agricultural Lands. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 12 (6), pp. 851-856.
Water scarcity in agriculture sector forced farmers to use city wastewater without any regard of its quality effects on environment and resultant contamination of soils and plants, particularly with heavy metals A survey of effluent, tube well and canal water irrigated areas in Faisalabad Pakistan was conducted to appraise Cd concentration in these waters and soils, and its uptake by cereal and legume crops Water, soil and plant (seeds, shoot & roots) samples were collected and analyzed for Cd concentration Results illustrated that wastewater contained 11 0 and 3 7 times higher Cd than tube well and canal waters, respectively Location-wise the lowest Cd concentration was 0 6 mu g L-1 at Bypass Samandari Road (BSR) while the highest was 1 4 mu g L (1) at Malkhanwala (MW) Maximum AB-DTPA extractable Cd (0 30 mg kg & 0 248 mg kg (1)) was found in soil samples collected from 0-15 cm depths at Uchkera and Ghulam Muhammad Abad (GMA), respectively It was the lowest (0 04 mg kg (1)) in soil samples collected from Chak No 235/RB (C235) location Long term effluent irrigation resulted in 248 and 260% increase in Cd contents at 0-15 cm depth of soils compared to tube well and canal waters irrigated soils, respectively In all the cases Cd was within safe limits About 70% of the metal was deposited in upper 30 cm layers Seeds of effluent irrigated chickpea acquired the highest concentration of Cd (0 177 mg kg (1)), while was the lowest in wheat seeds (0 034 mg kg (1)) Concentration of Cd was higher in mungbean shoots (0 62 mg kg (1)) than in wheat shoots The order for Cd concentration in seeds was chickpea > maize > mungbean > wheat for wastewater irrigated crops Similar trend of Cd concentration was observed in tube well and canal waters irrigated crops (C) 2010 Friends Science Publishers
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Title: Peer-Reviewed Literature on Grain Legume Species in the WoS (1980–2018): A Comparative Analysis of Soybean and Pulses Author(s)Magrini, Marie-Benoit; Cabanac, Guillaume; Lascialfari, Matteo; Plumecocq, Gaël; Amiot, Marie Josephe; Anton, Marc; Arvisenet, Gaëlle; Baranger, Alain; Bedoussac, Laurent; Chardigny, Jean-Michel; Duc, Gérard; Jeuffroy, Marie-Hélène; Journet, Etienne-Pascal; Juin, Hervé; Larre, Colette; Leiser, Hugues; Micard, Valérie; Millot, Dominique; Pilet-Nayel, Marie-Laure; Nguyen-Thé, Christophe; Salord, Tristan; Voisin, Anne-Sophie; Walrand, Stephane; Wery, JacquesDate: 2019-12-02Status: Open accessGrain-legume crops are important for ensuring the sustainability of agrofood systems. Among them, pulse production is subject to strong lock-in compared to soya, the leading worldwide crop. To unlock the situation and ...
Author(s)Deng, Juan; Xie, Xing-Long; wang, Dong-Feng; Zhao, Chao; Lv, Feng-Hua; Li, Xin; Yang, Ji; Yu, Jia-Lin; Shen, Min; Gao, Lei; Yang, Jing-Quan; Liu, Ming-Jun; Li, Wen-Rong; Wang, Yu-Tao; Wang, Feng; Li, Jin-Quan; Hehua, Eer; Liu, Yong-Gang; Shen, Zhi-Qiang; Ren, Yan-Ling; Liu, Guang-Jian; Chen, Ze-Hui; Gorkhali, Neena A; E Rushdi, Hossam; Salehian-Dehkordi, Hosein; Esmailizadeh, Ali; Nosrati, Maryam; R. Paiva, Samuel; R Caetano, Alexandre; Štěpánek, Ondřej; Olsaker, Ingrid; Weimann, Christina; Erhardt, Georg; Curik, Ino; Kantanen, Juha; Mwacharo, Joram; Hanotte, Olivier; W Bruford, Michael; Ciani, Elena; Periasamy, Kathiravan; Amills, Marcel; A Lenstra, Johannes; Jianlin, Han; Zhang, Hong-Ping; Li, Li; Li, Meng-HuaDate: 2020-10-19Status: Open accessThe domestication and subsequent global dispersal of livestock are crucial events in human history, but the migratory episodes during the history of livestock remain poorly documented [1, 2, 3]. Here, we first developed a ...
Author(s)Fikre, Asnake; Korbu, Lijalem; Eshete, Million; Bekele, Dagnachew; Girma, Niguse; Mohamed, Redwan; Assefe, Syum; Bogale, Daniel Admasu; Tilahun, Getachew; Tesfaye, Tewdros; Kefelegn, Niguse; Tadesse, Tadele; Rezene, Yiheys; Moges, Yonas; Agrawal, Shiv Kumar; Bishaw, Zewdie; Gaur, Pooran; Varshney, Rajeev; Kemal, Seid AhmedDate: 2018-12-01Status: Limited accessThis paper summarizes achievements of chickpea and lentil breeding during the last decade /2005-2015/ in Ethiopia. Gentic yield gains from decadal breeding efforts were 80 kg/ha/year for chickpea and 52 kg/ha/yr for lentil. ...