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dc.contributorMurtaza, Ghulamen_US
dc.contributorGhafoor, Abdulen_US
dc.contributorBasra, Shahzad Maqsood Ahmeden_US
dc.contributorQadir, Manzooren_US
dc.contributorSabir, Mohammeden_US
dc.creatorHussain, Amiren_US
dc.identifier.citationAmir Hussain, Ghulam Murtaza, Abdul Ghafoor, Shahzad Maqsood Ahmed Basra, Manzoor Qadir, Mohammed Sabir. (1/1/2016). Cadmium Contamination of Soils and Crops by Long Term Use of Raw Effluent, Ground and Canal Waters in Agricultural Lands. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 12 (6), pp. 851-856.en_US
dc.description.abstractWater scarcity in agriculture sector forced farmers to use city wastewater without any regard of its quality effects on environment and resultant contamination of soils and plants, particularly with heavy metals A survey of effluent, tube well and canal water irrigated areas in Faisalabad Pakistan was conducted to appraise Cd concentration in these waters and soils, and its uptake by cereal and legume crops Water, soil and plant (seeds, shoot & roots) samples were collected and analyzed for Cd concentration Results illustrated that wastewater contained 11 0 and 3 7 times higher Cd than tube well and canal waters, respectively Location-wise the lowest Cd concentration was 0 6 mu g L-1 at Bypass Samandari Road (BSR) while the highest was 1 4 mu g L (1) at Malkhanwala (MW) Maximum AB-DTPA extractable Cd (0 30 mg kg & 0 248 mg kg (1)) was found in soil samples collected from 0-15 cm depths at Uchkera and Ghulam Muhammad Abad (GMA), respectively It was the lowest (0 04 mg kg (1)) in soil samples collected from Chak No 235/RB (C235) location Long term effluent irrigation resulted in 248 and 260% increase in Cd contents at 0-15 cm depth of soils compared to tube well and canal waters irrigated soils, respectively In all the cases Cd was within safe limits About 70% of the metal was deposited in upper 30 cm layers Seeds of effluent irrigated chickpea acquired the highest concentration of Cd (0 177 mg kg (1)), while was the lowest in wheat seeds (0 034 mg kg (1)) Concentration of Cd was higher in mungbean shoots (0 62 mg kg (1)) than in wheat shoots The order for Cd concentration in seeds was chickpea > maize > mungbean > wheat for wastewater irrigated crops Similar trend of Cd concentration was observed in tube well and canal waters irrigated crops (C) 2010 Friends Science Publishersen_US
dc.publisherSmith and Franklin Academic Publishingen_US
dc.sourceInternational Journal of Agriculture and Biology;12,Pagination 851,856en_US
dc.subjectirrigation watersen_US
dc.subjectcd contaminationen_US
dc.subjectuptake cerealen_US
dc.titleCadmium Contamination of Soils and Crops by Long Term Use of Raw Effluent, Ground and Canal Waters in Agricultural Landsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Agriculture, Faculty of Agriculture, Institute of Soil & Environmental Sciences - UAF - FoA - IoSESen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Agriculture, Faisalabad - UAFen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Water Management Institute - IWMIen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US

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