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dc.contributorSingh, Murarien_US
dc.contributorChristiansen, Scotten_US
dc.creatorRyan, Johnen_US
dc.identifier.citationJohn Ryan, Murari Singh, Scott Christiansen. (1/1/2012). Assessment of long-term barley–legume rotations in a typical Mediterranean agro-ecosystem: grain and straw yields. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science, 58 (3), pp. 233-246.en_US
dc.description.abstractTraditional Mediterranean rainfed cereal/fallow systems are being replaced by cereal monoculture due to land-use pressure. Food or forage legumes in rotation with cereals are an alternative sustainable cropping system. Complex cropping systems can only be assessed by long-term trials. This 11-year rainfed barley-based rotation trial in northern Syria assessed rotation effects on yields of barley and legumes, with particular emphasis on the management of vetch. The mean order of barley grain yields from the rotations was: vetch for hay, vetch for grazing > fallow = medic = vetch for seed > lentil, and continuous barley. Straw yields followed a similar pattern. Nitrogen (60 kg ha(-1)) increased grain (39%) and straw (65%) yields. The N fertilization of barley had no carryover effect on the alternative legume crops. Although there were no significant differences in seed or straw yield between lentil and vetch, seasonal rainfall influenced overall yields. Total biomass yields were in the order of vetch, medic and lentil. There is a compelling case for annual vetch paired with barley in rotations for the Mediterranean region. Thus, barley/vetch rotations can potentially enhance barley yields and improve soil quality, and provide valuable fodder for small ruminants as well in the region's agricultural systems.en_US
dc.publisherTaylor & Francis (Routledge)en_US
dc.sourceArchives of Agronomy and Soil Science;58,(2011) Pagination 233-246en_US
dc.subjectdryland cerealsen_US
dc.subjectcontinuous cereal croppingen_US
dc.titleAssessment of long-term barley–legume rotations in a typical Mediterranean agro-ecosystem: grain and straw yieldsen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idSingh, Murari: 0000-0001-5450-0949en_US
cg.subject.agrovocforage legumesen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerUnited States Agency for International Development - USAIDen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.isijournalISI Journalen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US
cg.journalArchives of Agronomy and Soil Scienceen_US

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