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dc.contributorWinowiecki, Leighen_US
dc.contributorCrossland, Maryen_US
dc.contributorFrija, Aymenen_US
dc.contributorOuerghemmi, Hassenen_US
dc.contributorHagazi, Niguseen_US
dc.contributorSola, Phosisoen_US
dc.contributorOchenje, Ibrahimen_US
dc.contributorKiura, Estheren_US
dc.contributorKuria, Anneen_US
dc.contributorMuriuki, Jonathanen_US
dc.contributorCarsan, Sammyen_US
dc.contributorHadgu, Kirosen_US
dc.contributorBonaiuti, Enricoen_US
dc.contributorSinclair, Fergusen_US
dc.creatorMagaju, Christineen_US
dc.date2020-12-04en_US
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-04T16:24:30Z
dc.date.available2020-12-04T16:24:30Z
dc.identifierhttps://mel.cgiar.org/reporting/download/hash/d64f42ee208abe19ad22d41e5f614e40en_US
dc.identifier.citationChristine Magaju, Leigh Winowiecki, Mary Crossland, Aymen Frija, Hassen Ouerghemmi, Niguse Hagazi, Phosiso Sola, Ibrahim Ochenje, Esther Kiura, Anne Kuria, Jonathan Muriuki, Sammy Carsan, Kiros Hadgu, Enrico Bonaiuti, Fergus Sinclair. (4/12/2020). Assessing Context-Specific Factors to Increase Tree Survival for Scaling Ecosystem Restoration Efforts in East Africa. Land, 9 (12).en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11766/12174
dc.description.abstractIncreasing tree cover in agricultural lands can contribute to achieving global and national restoration goals, more so in the drylands where trees play a key role in enhancing both ecosystem and livelihood resilience of the communities that depend on them. Despite this, drylands are characterized by low tree survival especially for tree species preferred by local communities. We conducted a study in arid and semi-arid areas of Kenya and Ethiopia with 1773 households to assess how different tree planting and management practices influence seedling survival. Using on-farm planned comparisons, farmers experimented and compared tree survival under different planting and management practices as well as under varying socioeconomic and biophysical contexts in the two countries. Seedling survival was monitored at least six months after planting. Results show that watering, manure application, seedling protection by fencing and planting in a small hole (30 cm diameter and 45 cm depth) had a significant effect on tree seedling survival in Kenya, while in Ethiopia, mulching, watering and planting niche were significant to tree survival. Household socioeconomics and farms’ biophysical characteristics such as farm size, education level of the household head, land tenure, age of the household head had significant effects on seedling survival in both Ethiopia and Kenya while presence of soil erosion on the farm had a significant effect in Kenya. Soil quality ranking was positively correlated with tree survival in Ethiopia, regardless of species assessed. Current findings have confirmed effects of context specific variables some involving intrahousehold socioeconomic status such education level of the household head, and farm size that influence survival.en_US
dc.formatPDFen_US
dc.languageenen_US
dc.publisherMDPIen_US
dc.rightsCC-BY-4.0en_US
dc.sourceLand;9,(2020)en_US
dc.subjectoptions by contexten_US
dc.subjecttrees on farmen_US
dc.subjecton-farm planned comparisonen_US
dc.subjecttree seedling survivalen_US
dc.titleAssessing Context-Specific Factors to Increase Tree Survival for Scaling Ecosystem Restoration Efforts in East Africaen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idWinowiecki, Leigh: 0000-0001-5572-1284en_US
cg.creator.idFrija, Aymen: 0000-0001-8379-9054en_US
cg.creator.idBonaiuti, Enrico: 0000-0002-4010-4141en_US
cg.creator.ID-typeORCIDen_US
cg.creator.ID-typeORCIDen_US
cg.creator.ID-typeORCIDen_US
cg.contributor.centerWorld Agroforestry Center - ICRAFen_US
cg.contributor.centerBangor University (University of Wales, Bangor) (University College of North Wales) - Bangor (UWB) (UCNW)en_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Forests, Trees and Agroforestry - FTAen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Fund for Agricultural Development - IFADen_US
cg.contributor.projectRestoration of degraded land for food security and poverty reduction in East Africa and the Sahel: taking successes in land restoration to scaleen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteWorld Agroforestry Center - ICRAFen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
cg.coverage.countryETen_US
cg.coverage.countryKEen_US
cg.contactC.Magaju@cgiar.orgen_US
cg.identifier.doihttps://dx.doi.org/10.3390/land9120494en_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US
mel.project.openhttp://www.worldagroforestry.org/project/restoration-degraded-land-food-security-and-poverty-reduction-east-africa-and-sahel-takingen_US
mel.impact-factor2.429en_US


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