Show simple item record

dc.contributorRobertson, Larry D.en_US
dc.contributorCocks, Phil S.en_US
dc.creatorBerger, J.D.en_US
dc.identifier.citationJ. D. Berger, Larry D. Robertson, Phil S. Cocks. (1/3/2003). Agricultural potential of Mediterranean grain and forage legumes: 2) Anti-nutritional factor concentrations in the genus Vicia. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 50 (2), pp. 201-212.en_US
dc.description.abstractAs part of an investigation into the agricultural potential of under-exploited Mediterranean Viceae, anti-nutritional factor concentrations were measured in the seed of 7 species. These included: V. sativa(subsp. amphicarpa(L.) Batt., subsp. macrocarpa(Moris) Arcang, subsp. nigra(L.) Ehrh., subsp. sativa), V. ervilia L., V. faba L. (var. faba, var. minor Peterm.), V. narbonensis L. (var. aegyptiaca Kornhuber ex Asch. et Schweinf., var. affinis Kornhuber ex Asch. et Schweinf., var. jordanica H. Schaef., var. narbonensis, var. salmonea(Mout.) H. Schaef.), and relatives, including V. johannis Tamamsch., (var. johannis, var. procumbens H. Schaef.), V. hyaeniscyamus Mout., and V. serratifolia Jacq. Both quantitative and qualitative differences in seed chemistry were observed. Condensed tannins, phenolics and proteinase inhibitors were found in varying concentrations in all taxa. The highest concentrations of phenolic secondary metabolites (0.8–1.4% leucocyanidin equivalents, 9.5–16.4 mg/g phenolics) were found in V. faba, the V. narbonensis relatives and V. sativa subsp. macrocarpa. These taxa also tended to contain low levels of proteinase inhibitors (0.25-0.55 mg trypsin/mg protein), whereas the opposite was the case for V. ervilia(2.1 mg t/mg p). V. narbonensis was intermediate both in terms of tannin and proteinase inhibitor levels. In contrast, the non-protein amino acids tended to be more specific in their distribution. Concentrations of canavanine varied from 0.04-0.11% in the seed of V. ervilia, and may constrain the end-use of the grain, given that pigs are sensitive to concentrations as low as 0.08% in their diet. In V. sativa variation of γ-glutamyl-β-cyanoalanine within and between subspecies (0.41–1.36%) is not sufficient to make the grain palatable to monogastrics, since > 0.075% inclusion in the diet causes mortality in chicks. In V. narbonensis, there was no significant variation between most varieties for γ-glutamyl-S-ethenyl cysteine (GEC), a non-protein amino acid peptide which reduces grain palatability. However, lower concentrations were found in V. n. var. jordanica and its near relatives, V. johannis, V. hyaeniscyamus and V. serratifolia(1.3-1.6%, compared with 1.9+/−0.02% in all remaining V. narbonesis sub-species). Anti-nutritional factor concentrations were used to visualize taxonomic relationships using hierarchical cluster analysis. The V. narbonensis varieties were closely aligned with their near relatives, V. johannis, V. hyaeniscyamus and V. serratifolia. In contrast V. faba was positioned closer to the V. sativa subspecies than either to V. narbonesis or its near relatives. V. ervilia was the most distantly related species. Across all taxa proteinase inhibitors and condensed tannins or total phenols were negatively correlated (r=− 0.72, P < 0.009). This may be a mechanism which minimizes wasteful resource allocation to chemical defense, because the 2 anti-nutritional factors are functionally substitutable, since they both reduce the availability of protein in plant material. Thus taxa investing in high concentrations of proteinase inhibitors do not duplicate chemical defense mechanisms by simultaneously producing large amounts of tannins and phenolics.en_US
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen_US
dc.rightsCopyrighted; all rights reserveden_US
dc.sourceGenetic Resources and Crop Evolution;50,(2003) Pagination 201,212en_US
dc.subjectv. narbonensisen_US
dc.subjectv. sativaen_US
dc.subjectv. johannisen_US
dc.subjectγca-glutamyl-s-ethenyl cysteineen_US
dc.subjectnon-protein amino acidsen_US
dc.subjectv. erviliaen_US
dc.titleAgricultural potential of Mediterranean grain and forage legumes: 2) Anti-nutritional factor concentrations in the genus Viciaen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.subject.agrovocproteinase inhibitorsen_US
cg.contributor.centerThe University of Western Australia - UWAen_US
cg.contributor.centerThe University of Western Australia, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, Centre for Legumes in Mediterranean Agriculture - UWA - FoNAS - CLIMAen_US
cg.contributor.centerUnited States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service - USDA-ARSen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US

Files in this item


There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

DSpace software copyright © 2002-2016  DuraSpace
MELSpace content providers and partners accept no liability to any consequence resulting from use of the content or data made available in this repository. Users of this content assume full responsibility for compliance with all relevant national or international regulations and legislation.
Theme by 
Atmire NV