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dc.contributorTaguchi, Makikoen_US
dc.contributorLouhaichi, Mouniren_US
dc.creatorPortillo, Liberatoen_US
dc.identifier.citationLiberato Portillo, Makiko Taguchi, Mounir Louhaichi. (30/11/2020). Cactus pear and cochineal: A recurring interplay.en_US
dc.description.abstractPresentation about cactus pear Cochineals : Cochineals have had dramatic relations between cactus pear and humans, which repeats itself in regions where these two organisms are non-native. Regularly, when wild cochineal (Dactylopius opuntiae) reaches a cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) population in a non-native area, the insect destroys the plants. Control of cochineals depends on many factors, the main one being where the cactus pear and cochineal interplay occurs, whether in plantations or neglected populations, in a native or non-native region, as well the local weather and communal worldview. After taking into account these factors, then we may start to select the control mechanism to be applied, which the most common are pesticides (chemical and botanical), detergents, pressurized water, silicon powder, natural enemies, and others. Since biotic and abiotic factors as well as the use of cactus pear in a given region are particular, the management of the pest should be also specific in every case - nevertheless, global action must be considered. Cochineal dissemination to new areas seems to be just of matter of time. Border plant quarantine must be reinforced but also good agricultural practices must be fulfilled to limit the flow of cochineals. It is important to mention that cactus pear did not receive regular management as a crop in the majority of countries where they grow, maybe derived from the fact that cactus pear was or is considered an invasive species. The support from leaders of domestic agricultural institutions, decision makers from social, cultural, and political spheres, and the local training of cactus pear growers will be fundamental to face this situation. All efforts will lead to a proper management of cactus pear and may keep cochineal populations at acceptable thresholdsen_US
dc.subjectintegrated pest management programen_US
dc.subjectcochineal scaleen_US
dc.titleCactus pear and cochineal: A recurring interplayen_US
cg.creator.idLouhaichi, Mounir: 0000-0002-4543-7631en_US
cg.subject.agrovoccactus pearsen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - FAOen_US
cg.contributor.centerFAO-ICARDA CactusNeten_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Guadalajaraen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Livestock Agri-Food Systems - Livestocken_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.contributor.projectCGIAR Research Program on Livestock Agri-Food Systemsen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US

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