Proportion of total nitrogen and fixed nitrogen in shoots of lentil and chickpea grown in a Mediterranean-type environment
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C. J. PILBEAM, M. Wood, M. J. Jones. (1/4/1997). Proportion of total nitrogen and fixed nitrogen in shoots of lentil and chickpea grown in a Mediterranean-type environment. Experimental Agriculture, 33 (2), pp. 139-148.
Shoot dry matter yield, shoot nitrogen yield and amount of nitrogen derived from fixation are collated for chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cv. ILC482 and lentil (Lens culinaris Medic.) cv. ILL8 grown at the ICARDA research station Tel Hadya, Syria over a period of 17 years. Regression analyses of shoot nitrogen yield on shoot dry matter and of the amount of nitrogen fixed on shoot nitrogen yield were undertaken for both species. The intercepts for both analyses with lentil were not significantly different from zero, so the slopes of the lines represented the concentration of nitrogen in the plant tissue (20.6 g kg(-1) dry matter) and the proportion of nitrogen derived from fixation 0.75. Data for other cultivars of lentil grown at Tel Hadya and at four other locations in Syria fell within the 95% confidence limits of the original analyses. The intercept of the regression of shoot nitrogen yield on shoot dry matter yield for chickpea grown at Tel Hadya was not significantly different from zero, so the concentration of nitrogen in the plant tissue was constant (17.8 g kg(-1) dry matter). The proportion of nitrogen derived from fixation increased asymptotically as the shoot nitrogen yield increased. Data for other cultivars of chickpea grown in different locations were generally similar to those for cv. ILC482 grown at Tel Hadya. It is proposed that generalized relationships between shoot nitrogen yield and shoot dry matter yield, and between amount of nitrogen fixed and shoot nitrogen yield can be established for lentil and chickpea grown in the West Asia-North Africa region. Consequently the amounts of nitrogen fixed by the two crops could be predicted from a knowledge of dry matter production alone.
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