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dc.creatorCocks, Phil S.en_US
dc.identifier.citationPhil S. Cocks. (27/3/2009). Genotype × site interactions in seed production, hard seed breakdown and regeneration of annual medics (Medicago spp. ) in west Asia. Journal of Agricultural Science, 125 (2), pp. 199-209.en_US
dc.description.abstractSeed production of annual medics was measured at four sites in Syria and Jordan between 1986/87 and 1988/89. Plots sown to medic in the first year were sown to wheat in the second year, and medic regeneration was measured in the third year. At three of the sites, adjacent plots were established in the second and third years and herbage production, and regeneration where appropriate, were measured in the third year. In this way, genotype × site interactions were used to assess medic adaptation to wheat/pasture rotations, continuous pasture and newly sown pasture. Seed production was correlated with rainfall, the mean yield of 14 genotypes ranging from zero at 160 mm to 1 tonne/ha at 510 mm. Medicago polymorpha produced the highest yields, though not at the lowest rainfalls. Yields of M. rotata were also above average. There was, however, wide variation between species in seed weight, pod weight and seeds/pod. Regeneration was better after wheat than after pasture. Herbage production was slightly better after pasture than after wheat, and both were greatly superior to that of newly sown pasture. After 2 years' germination, most genotypes retained more than half (mean 60%) and up to 99% of the seed produced in the first year. Genotype × environment interactions were tested using analysis of variance (ANOVA), regression (Finlay & Wilkinson 1963) and principal component analysis (PCA). Because adaptation in pasture plants depends on many variables, PCA proved to be the most useful technique and the simplest to apply. ANOVA and regression were limited by their inability to process more than one variable at a time. Regression analysis is further limited by requiring a greater number of sites. Based on seed production, seed survival, seedling regeneration and herbage production, certain locally collected genotypes of M. rigidula, M. noeana, M. polymorpha and possibly M. rotala, were adapted to conditions in Syria and Jordan. A similar methodology could be used to test pasture legumes throughout west Asia and north Africaen_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Press (CUP)en_US
dc.rightsCopyrighted; all rights reserveden_US
dc.sourceJournal of Agricultural Science;125,(2009) Pagination 199,209en_US
dc.subjectwest asiaen_US
dc.subjectmedicago sppen_US
dc.titleGenotype × site interactions in seed production, hard seed breakdown and regeneration of annual medics (Medicago spp.) in west Asiaen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.subject.agrovocseed productionen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US

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