Identification of tolerance to metribuzin and imazethapyr herbicides in faba bean
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Lynn Abou-Khater, Fouad Maalouf, Somanagouda Patil, Rind Balech, Diana Nacouzi, Diego Rubiales, Shiv Kumar Agrawal. (1/8/2021). Identification of tolerance to metribuzin and imazethapyr herbicides in faba bean. Crop Science, 61 (4), pp. 2593-2611.
Weeds cause serious constraint to faba bean (Vicia faba L.) productivity. Broad weed control is hampered by the availability of postemergence herbicides to control them, as the current faba bean cultivars are highly susceptible to them. Therefore, the deployment of postemergence herbicide tolerance is desirable in faba bean. To address this, 130 accessions were screened for their response in mature plants under field conditions to the recommended dosage of two herbicides, metribuzin at 250 g a.i. ha−1 and imazethapyr at 75 g a.i. ha−1 at Marchouch and Terbol stations. The recorded herbicide damage score (HDS) varied from 1 (no visual damage) to 5 (full damage with death of more than 50% of plants) at both locations. Low but highly sig nificant (p < .01) and positive correlation (+0.26) was obtained between the recorded HDS at both locations. Both herbicides significantly delayed flowering and matu rity time occurrence, reduced plant height and grain yield, and increased number of branches. Reduction index (RI) correlated positively with HDS score at Terbol station in different seasons and at Marchouch in 2016–2017 seasons. Eleven tolerant acces sions were identified and further evaluated to 1×, 1.5×, and 2× of recommended dose of both herbicides. The results indicated that the harmful effect of herbicides on grain yield reduction intensified from 13.4 to 27.2% and from −7.6 to 1.8% as the dose of metribuzin and imazethapyr increased respectively from 250 to 500 g a.i. ha−1 and from 75 to 150 g a.i. ha−1. Tolerance to metribuzin and imazethapyr in eight faba bean accessions was confirmed with no significant reduction in grain yield
- Agricultural Research Knowledge 
Agrawal, Shiv Kumarhttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-8407-3562