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dc.contributorKumari, Safaaen_US
dc.contributorShahraeen, Noohen_US
dc.contributorFazlali, Y.en_US
dc.contributorFarzadfar, Shirinen_US
dc.contributorGhotbi, Tabassomen_US
dc.contributorMansouri, A. Rezaen_US
dc.creatorMakkouk, Khaleden_US
dc.identifier.citationKhaled Makkouk, Safaa Kumari, Nooh Shahraeen, Y. Fazlali, Shirin Farzadfar, Tabassom Ghotbi, A. Reza Mansouri. (1/3/2003). Identification and seasonal variation of viral diseases of chickpea and lentil in Iran. Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection, 110 (2), pp. 157-169.en_US
dc.description.abstractField surveys were conducted to identify viral diseases affecting lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) and chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in Iran during the 2001 and 2002 seasons. The survey covered 100 chickpea and 34 lentil fields, all of which were randomly selected. The types of viruses present and virus incidence were determined on the basis of the laboratory testing of 100-200 randomly collected samples, in addition to 20-25 symptomatic samples taken from each field. A total of 15,106 chickpeal and 6,080 lentil samples were randomly collected; symptomatic samples, 2,017 from chickpea and 797 from lentil, were collected and tested, by tissue-blot immunoassay, for the presence of 10 viruses that affect legumes. Laboratory tests showed that, in the chickpea fields, Bean leafroll virus (BLRV) and Chickpea chlorotic dwarf virus (CpCDV) were most common, followed by Taba bean necrotic yellows virus (FBNYV) and Beet western yellows virus (BWYV). In lentil fields, BLRV and Pea enation mosaic virus (PEMV) were most common, followed by FBNYV and Brood bean stain virus (BBSV). Other viruses detected at a low incidence in chickpea were PEMV, Alfalfa mosaic virus (AlMV), Bean yellow mosaic virus (BYMV), Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV), Pea seed-borne mosaic virus (PSbMV), and Soybean dwarf virus (SbDV). In lentill, low incidences of PSbMV, BYMV, CpCDV and AlMV were detected. It was evident that virus spread, in both chickpea and lentil crops, was comparatively higher during 2001 than was the case during 2002. In chickpeas, around 64.7% of the fields surveyed during 2001 had a virus disease incidence of 6% or higher, whereas in 2002 only 22.5% of the surveyed fields fell into this category. In lentils, all of the fields surveyed had a virus incidence of 6% or higher in 2001, whereas only 38.1% of the fields fell into this category during 2002.en_US
dc.publisherVerlag Eugen Ulmer KGen_US
dc.sourceJournal of Plant Diseases and Protection;110,Pagination 157-169en_US
dc.subjectfood legumeen_US
dc.subjectchickpea chlorotic dwarf virusen_US
dc.subjectfaba bean necrotic yellows virusen_US
dc.subjectpea enation mosaic virusen_US
dc.subjectvirus surveyen_US
dc.titleIdentification and seasonal variation of viral diseases of chickpea and lentil in Iranen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idKumari, Safaa: 0000-0002-4492-6257en_US
cg.subject.agrovoccicer arietinumen_US
cg.subject.agrovoclens culinarisen_US
cg.subject.agrovociran islamic republicen_US
cg.subject.agrovocvicia fabaen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerAgricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Dryland Agricultural Research Institute - AREEO-DARIen_US
cg.contributor.centerAgricultural Research and Education Organization, Plant, Pest and Disease Research Institute** - AREO - PPDRI**en_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionSouthern Asiaen_US
cg.isijournalISI Journalen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US
cg.journalJournal of Plant Diseases and Protectionen_US

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