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dc.contributorBenjelloun, R.en_US
dc.contributorKarrou, Mohammeden_US
dc.contributorAtes, Serkanen_US
dc.contributorKuper, M.en_US
dc.creatorSrairi, Mohamed Taheren_US
dc.date2015-10-05en_US
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-01T21:27:51Z
dc.date.available2016-02-01T21:27:51Z
dc.identifierhttps://mel.cgiar.org/reporting/download/hash/FY8KSI00en_US
dc.identifier.citationMohamed Taher Srairi, R. Benjelloun, Mohammed Karrou, Serkan Ates, M. Kuper. (5/10/2015). Biophysical and economic water productivity in dual purpose cattle farming. Animal, 10.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11766/3343
dc.description.abstractThis study analyzes key factors influencing water productivity in cattle rearing, particularly in contexts characterized by water scarcity. This was done through year-round monitoring of on-farm practices within five smallholder farms located in the Saïss area (northern Morocco). The on-farm monitoring protocol consisted of characterizing: (i) volumes of water used for fodder production and distinguished by source (rainfall, surface irrigation and groundwater), (ii) virtual water contained in off-farm feed resources, (iii) total forage biomass production, (iv) dietary rations fed to lactating cows and their calves and (v) milk output and live weight gain. Findings reveal a mean water footprint of 1.62 ± 0.81 and 8.44 ± 1.09 m3/kg of milk and of live weight gain, respectively. Groundwater represented only 13.1% and 2.2% of the total water used to get milk and live weight gain, respectively, while rainfall represented 53.0% and 48.1% of the total water for milk and live weight gain, respectively. The remaining water volumes used came from surface irrigation water (7.4% for milk and 4.0% for live weight gain) and from virtual water (26.5% for milk and 44.7% for live weight gain). The results also revealed a relatively small gross margin per m3 of water used by the herd, not exceeding an average value of US $ 0.05, when considering both milk and live weight. Given the large variability in farm performances, which affect water productivity in cattle rearing throughout the production process, we highlight the potential for introducing a series of interventions that are aimed at saving water, while concurrently improving efficiency in milk production and live weight gain. These interventions should target the chain of production functions that are implemented throughout the process of water productivity in cattle rearing. Moreover, these interventions are of particular importance given our findings that livestock production depends largely upon rainfall, rather than groundwater, in an area afflicted with sustained droughts, overexploitation of groundwater resources and growing water scarcity.en_US
dc.formatPDFen_US
dc.languageenen_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Press (CUP)en_US
dc.rightsCC-BY-NC-4.0en_US
dc.sourceAnimal;10,(2015)en_US
dc.subjectuseen_US
dc.subjectwater use efficiencyen_US
dc.titleBiophysical and economic water productivity in dual purpose cattle farmingen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idAtes, Serkan: 0000-0001-6825-3248en_US
cg.creator.ID-typeORCIDen_US
cg.subject.agrovocagricultureen_US
cg.subject.agrovocforageen_US
cg.subject.agrovoclivestocken_US
cg.subject.agrovocwateren_US
cg.contributor.centerInstitute of Agronomy and Veterinary Hassan II - IAV HASSAN IIen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems - DSen_US
cg.contributor.funderNot Applicableen_US
cg.date.embargo-end-date2016-05-11en_US
cg.coverage.regionNorthern Africaen_US
cg.coverage.countryMAen_US
cg.coverage.start-date2015-01-01en_US
cg.coverage.end-date2015-10-05en_US
cg.contacts.ates@cgiar.orgen_US
dc.identifier.statusLimited accessen_US
mel.impact-factor1.9en_US


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