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dc.contributorIslam, Muhammaden_US
dc.contributorRischkowsky, Barbaraen_US
dc.contributorLouhaichi, Mouniren_US
dc.contributorIbrahim, Mohameden_US
dc.creatorRazzaq, Abdulen_US
dc.identifier.citationAbdul Razzaq, Muhammad Islam, Barbara Rischkowsky, Mounir Louhaichi, Mohamed Ibrahim. (29/7/2016). Small ruminants supplemental feeding regimes in arid agro-pastoral systems in Pakistan. Bangkok, Thailand.en_US
dc.description.abstractSmall ruminant production on arid agro-pastoral based production system requires greater attention in managing feed resources for optimal production. The global warming-climate change, leading to low precipitations further aggravates feed availability and hence animal productivity. To overcome these feed constraints, models were developed in the Pothowar plateau of Pakistan with the objective of improving feeding regimes to ascertain higher animal productivity. The annual fodder production calendar was developed and the deficient period was bridged with improved varieties of fodder, including spineless cactus. The feed deficient period in winter was alleviated by introducing suitable fodder species, and mixed cropping systems. Introduced rotational grazing management based on biomass availability in rangelands. Fodder based supplemental feed formulations were fed to meet the maintenance, fattening and reproduction requirements. The feeding of ewes/does based on balanced range grazing, supplemented with feed options enhanced production; live-weight gain (3-5 kg), and lambs/kids production (80-100%). Similarly, fattening of lambs/kids on different formulations showed up to 6 kg live-weight gain. The comparative assessment with only grazing in rangeland decreased live weight gain up to 2 kg and lowered lambs/kids production (70-75%). The small ruminant farmers adopting above innovations achieved maximum economic returns and thereby improved their socioeconomic livelihood.en_US
dc.publisherTasp 2016en_US
dc.subjectfeed formulationen_US
dc.titleSmall ruminants supplemental feeding regimes in arid agro-pastoral systems in Pakistanen_US
dc.typeConference Paperen_US
cg.creator.idIslam, Muhammad: 0000-0001-9889-8960en_US
cg.creator.idRischkowsky, Barbara: 0000-0002-0035-471Xen_US
cg.creator.idLouhaichi, Mounir: 0000-0002-4543-7631en_US
cg.subject.agrovocsmall ruminantsen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems - DSen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Livestock Research Institute - ILRIen_US
cg.contributor.projectPakistan Agricultural Innovation Program (AIP)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionSouthern Asiaen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US

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