Nutritive Value and Farmer Preference of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) Varieties for Food-Feed Traits
Etagegnehu Bzuneh Belayneh. (15/6/2021). Nutritive Value and Farmer Preference of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L. ) Varieties for Food-Feed Traits. Beirut, Lebanon: International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).
The study was conducted to evaluate the nutritive value of chickpea haulms from different varieties, to determine the relationship between the feed-food traits of chickpea and to assess farmers’ knowledge and preference of chickpea varieties. The study involved field experiment, household survey and farmers’ field day. For the field experiment, eight selected varieties of chickpea were used and planted on four farmers’ fields. Agronomic parameters were recorded and subsequently, representative haulm samples were taken for nutritional analysis. Survey and farmers’ field were used to assess farmers' knowledge and preferred traits as related to food- feed traits. Experimental data were analyzed by using analysis of variance (ANOVA) using Statistical Analysis System software (SAS, 2004) and survey data was analyzed using SPSS statistics tools. The result revealed that higher grain yield (GY) (1.47t/ha) (P<0.001) and haulm yield (HY) (2.49) (P<0.05) were obtained from Teketay variety. Relatively higher crude protein (CP) (5.12%) and in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD) (50.63%) and metabolizable energy (ME) (7.44MJ/Kg (p<0.01) were obtained from Dz0058 variety. Higher dry matter degradability (DMD) (p<0.001) was recorded in Dz0058 except for 0, 6 and 24 hours of incubation in the rumen. Higher potential degradable fraction (PD) (61.99%) and effective dry matter degradability (EDMD) (46.79%) (p<0.001) were obtained from Dz0058.The GY was significantly (p<0.001) and positively associated with plant height (PH) (r=0.76), biomass production (BP), harvest index (HI) and HY. The survey showed that chickpea was the dominant legume grain produced in the study area as a result the haulm was used as livestock feed. The participatory variety selection (PVS) showed Teketay, Dalota and local were found to be the most preferred varieties based on selected criteria. These varieties were found to be good in terms of grain and straw yield hence could be recommended as suitable candidates for crop rotation with cereals in the study area in enhancing livestock production in addition to grain yield for human consumption.