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dc.contributorSnapp, Sieglindeen_US
dc.contributorChung, Kimberlyen_US
dc.contributorWaldman, Kurten_US
dc.creatorIsaacs, Kristaen_US
dc.identifier.citationKrista Isaacs, Sieglinde Snapp, Kimberly Chung, Kurt Waldman. (27/6/2016). Assessing the value of diverse cropping systems under a new agricultural policy environment in Rwanda. Food Security, 8 (3), pp. 491-506.en_US
dc.description.abstractIn Rwanda, farmers’ traditional farming systems based on inter cropping and varietal mixtures are designed to meet a variety of livelihood objectives and withstand risks associated with fluctuation in market and agroclimatic conditions. However, these mixed systems have been disappearing since 2008 when government mandated intensification strategies. In this paper we use a mixed methods approach to evaluate inter cropping and sole cropping systems against farmers’ criteria for success: yield, market value, contribution to nutritional quality, and landuse efficiency. We used qualitative interviews to understand the criteria by which farmers evaluate cropping systems, and data from crop trials to assess common bean ((Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and maize (Zea mays L.)) sole crops and inter crops against those criteria. We found that an improved inter cropping system tends to outperform the governmentmandated system of alternating solecropped bean and maize seasonbyseason, on all four of the criteria tested. Although Rwanda’s agricultural intensification strategy aims to improve rural livelihoods through agricultural modernization, it fails to acknowledge the multiple and currently nonreplaceable benefits that diverse cropping systems provide, particularly food security and risk management. Agricultural policies need to be based on a better understanding of smallholders’ objectives and constraints. Efforts to improve farming systems require innovative and inclusive approaches that enable adaptation to the socioecological context.en_US
dc.publisherSpringer Verlag (Germany)en_US
dc.sourceFood Security;8,(2016) Pagination 491-506en_US
dc.titleAssessing the value of diverse cropping systems under a new agricultural policy environment in Rwandaen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.subject.agrovoctraditional knowledgeen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics - ICRISATen_US
cg.contributor.centerMichigan State University - MSUen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes - GLen_US
cg.contributor.funderNot Applicableen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionEastern Africaen_US
cg.isijournalISI Journalen_US
dc.identifier.statusLimited accessen_US
cg.journalFood Securityen_US

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