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dc.creatorICARDA, Communication Teamen_US
dc.identifier.citationCommunication Team ICARDA. (15/11/2006). ICARDA Annual Report 2005. Aleppo, Syria: International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA).en_US
dc.description.abstractThe year 2005 was an important milestone in the efforts of ICARDA and its partners in meeting the global challenges of agriculture in dry areas through the application of science. In an assessment of all 15 CGIAR Centers (based on science quality and relevance, impacts, partnerships, and financial and institutional health), conducted by the CGIAR in collaboration with the Science Council and the World Bank, ICARDA was rated outstanding" - one of only two centers to receive this rating. To maintain - and even exceed - this level of performance, the Center restructured its research portfolio in 2005. Ongoing research projects were carefully reviewed, and consolidated under six Mega-Projects, focusing on core issues: water management, crop improvement, desertification, crop-livestock systems, poverty and livelihoods, and knowledge dissemination. This consolidation, we believe, will optimize synergies, sharpen our poverty focus, and use the Center's collective skills and resources most effectively. Monitoring and evaluation is a continuous, ongoing process at ICARDA. Three Center-Commissioned External Reviews (CCER) took place during the year, focusing on specific areas: integrated gene management, natural resource management, and human capacity building. While the report on human capacity building had not been finalized at the time of going to press, the other two CCER reports were extremely positive. However, they did identify some opportunities for improvement; the Center has already begun taking the necessary action to respond to the recommendations of those reports. Improved varieties remain the backbone of agricultural development efforts. ICARDA's integrated, multi-disciplinary approach to plant breeding continued to pay rich dividends. In 2005, fifteen improved varieties of different crops (wheat, barley, chickpea, faba bean, lentil, forages) were released in countries within and beyond the CWANA (Central and West Asia and North Africa) region. ICARDA and the United Nations University, Japan, signed an agreement to launch a new South-South partnership to combat desertification. This global network on integrated natural resources management, named 'CWANA-Plus Partnership', will target the vast CWANA region, as well as large parts of China, South Asia, and sub-Saharan Africa. The objectives include sharing expertise and facilities, training developing-country scientists, expanding postgraduate degree programs in integrated land management, and promoting improved practices among small-scale farmers. ICARDA and CIMMYT, with a common interest in wheat improvement research, have long worked closely together. The two centers further strengthened their collaboration by establishing a joint ICARDA/CIMMYT Wheat Improvement Program for the CWANA region at ICARDA. A Director was appointed to lead the program. Also, the two centers, in partnership with national programs, launched a Global Rust Initiative (GRI) in September 2005 in response to a sudden, largescale outbreak of a new strain of wheat stem rust. Several countries in East Africa are affected; smallscale farmers in Kenya have lost as much as half their wheat harvest. The CWANA region stands at risk, so immediate action needs to be taken. The GRI embodies all that the CGIAR System stands for – expertise in strategic research, global partnerships, a focus on resource-poor smallholder farmers, and the ability and commitment to react swiftly to challenges. Nobel Laureate Dr Norman Borlaug, father of the Green Revolution, visited ICARDA headquarters in May 2005 and addressed the "CWANA Wheat Meeting", jointly organized by ICARDA and CIMMYT. The Center suffered a major blow when Dr Robert D. Havener – one of ICARDA's founding fathers and a mentor to many of our scientists – passed away in August 2005. His memory will continue to inspire us. The achievements of ICARDA and its partners presented in this Annual Report would not have been possible without the strong support of our onors. We thank them for their trust in ICARDA's work and for their continued support.en_US
dc.publisherInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA)en_US
dc.subjectland racesen_US
dc.subjectnutritive qualityen_US
dc.subjectsunn pesten_US
dc.subjectsemi-arid zonesen_US
dc.subjectwest asiaen_US
dc.subjectcentral asia and the caucasusen_US
dc.subjectsouth asia and chinaen_US
dc.subjectarabian peninsulaen_US
dc.subjectFaba beanen_US
dc.titleICARDA Annual Report 2005en_US
dc.typeInternal Reporten_US
cg.subject.agrovoccrop productionen_US
cg.subject.agrovocdisease controlen_US
cg.subject.agrovocfarming systemsen_US
cg.subject.agrovocgenetic resourcesen_US
cg.subject.agrovocgermplasm conservationen_US
cg.subject.agrovocland useen_US
cg.subject.agrovocrural communitiesen_US
cg.subject.agrovocwater harvestingen_US
cg.subject.agrovocwater managementen_US
cg.subject.agrovocremote sensingen_US
cg.subject.agrovocseed productionen_US
cg.subject.agrovocagronomic charactersen_US
cg.subject.agrovocanimal productionen_US
cg.subject.agrovocgenetic variationen_US
cg.subject.agrovocdryland farmingen_US
cg.subject.agrovoccicer arietinumen_US
cg.subject.agrovocbiological controlen_US
cg.subject.agrovochordeum vulgareen_US
cg.subject.agrovocgenetic markersen_US
cg.subject.agrovocgrassland managementen_US
cg.subject.agrovocmedicago sativaen_US
cg.subject.agrovocpest controlen_US
cg.subject.agrovocgenetic mapsen_US
cg.subject.agrovochuman resourcesen_US
cg.subject.agrovocinternational cooperationen_US
cg.subject.agrovocresource managementen_US
cg.subject.agrovocgenetic resistanceen_US
cg.subject.agrovocrural developmenten_US
cg.subject.agrovocarid zonesen_US
cg.subject.agrovocnorth africaen_US
cg.subject.agrovocpest resistanceen_US
cg.subject.agrovocdrought resistanceen_US
cg.subject.agrovocgeographical information systemsen_US
cg.subject.agrovoclens culinarisen_US
cg.subject.agrovoctriticum aestivumen_US
cg.subject.agrovoctriticum durumen_US
cg.subject.agrovoclathyrus sativusen_US
cg.subject.agrovocpisum sativumen_US
cg.subject.agrovocvicia narbonensisen_US
cg.subject.agrovocfeed legumesen_US
cg.subject.agrovocagricultural developmenten_US
cg.subject.agrovocplant collectionsen_US
cg.subject.agrovocenvironmental degradationen_US
cg.subject.agrovocmechanical methodsen_US
cg.subject.agrovocresearch networksen_US
cg.subject.agrovocstubble cleaningen_US
cg.subject.agrovoctemperature resistanceen_US
cg.subject.agrovocdiffusion of informationen_US
cg.subject.agrovocagroclimatic zonesen_US
cg.subject.agrovocmiddle easten_US
cg.subject.agrovocfruit treesen_US
cg.subject.agrovocresource conservationen_US
cg.subject.agrovocvicia fabaen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.funderThe French Agricultural Research Center for International Development - CIRADen_US
cg.contributor.funderFood and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations - FAOen_US
cg.contributor.funderEuropean Union, European Commission - EU-ECen_US
cg.contributor.funderAustralian Center for International Agricultural Research - ACIARen_US
cg.contributor.funderArab Fund for Economic and Social Development - AFESDen_US
cg.contributor.funderAsian Development Bank - ADBen_US
cg.contributor.funderForeign, Commonwealth & Development Office United Kingdom (Department for International Development United Kingdom) - FCDO (DFID)en_US
cg.contributor.funderGlobal Environment Facility - GEFen_US
cg.contributor.funderEmpresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária - EMBRAPAen_US
cg.contributor.funderGlobal Crop Diversity Trust - GCDTen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US
icarda.series.nameAnnual Reporten_US

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