Current status of Faba bean production in Egypt
In Egypt, the cultivated area off Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) has decreased since last decade .The cultivated area devoted to faba bean in Egypt was 322 thousand faddan in 1997/98-2001/02 seasons declined to only 98 thousand faddan in 2011/2012 season (Faddan =4200 m2). However, the seed yield per unit area has increased from 8.13 to 9.15 ardab/fad in the same seasons, with an increase of 13%. Despite the increasing in productivity, the total production is not reaching the self-sufficiency. The highest percentage of self-sufficiency was existed in 1997/98–2001/02 seasons (99%), these percentages reduced to only 28% in 2011/012 season. In addition there is a wide gap between the yield potentiality of recommended production package and farmer’s yield, which reached about 20.2%.