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dc.contributorJbara, Osamahen_US
dc.contributorShideed, Kamelen_US
dc.contributorDhehibi, Boubakeren_US
dc.creatorAbdulradh, Mohammeden_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-06-06T06:45:08Z
dc.date.available2018-06-06T06:45:08Z
dc.identifierhttp://jcoagri.uobaghdad.edu.iq/uploads/Latest%20Issue/2018/2018-2/17.pdfen_US
dc.identifierhttps://mel.cgiar.org/reporting/downloadmelspace/hash/PjCGpEu2/v/92718a3125caf424037e62381bf87864en_US
dc.identifier.citationMohammed Abdulradh, Osamah Jbara, Kamel Shideed, Boubaker Dhehibi. (31/3/2018). Salinity Impacts on Environmental Efficiency of Wheat farms in Central of Iraq. Iraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 49 (2), pp. 288-294.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11766/8259
dc.description.abstractA stochastic frontier approach is used for analyzing of the environmental impacts of soil salinity in Iraq. An econometric method based on the neoclassical production theory (stochastic frontier analysis) is transformed to enable the definition and estimation of environmental efficiency of wheat production farms in irrigated areas in central Iraq. The study is based on a sample of 360 farms. Farms were divided into three sub groups according to the soil salinity level - low salinity, medium salinity, and high salinity. The empirical results indicate that farmers are broadly environmentally inefficient. Based on an improved input mix, the average potential environmental impact reduction for low, medium, and high salinity farms is 24%, 36%, and 66 %, respectively, without compromising the economic returns. Moreover, the differences in environmental efficiencies between low and high level of soil salinity of farms were statistically significant. The second-stage regression analysis identifies that electric conductivity of soil and localization of farms have positive effects on efficiencies. Paradoxically, the formal education level is determined to affect the inefficiencies negatively, but insignificantly.en_US
dc.formatPDFen_US
dc.languageenen_US
dc.publisherBaghdad Universityen_US
dc.rightsCC-BY-4.0en_US
dc.sourceIraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciences;49,Pagination 288-294en_US
dc.subjectstochastic frontier analysisen_US
dc.subjectenvironmental efficiencyen_US
dc.subject*part of phd dissertation of the first authoren_US
dc.titleSalinity Impacts on Environmental Efficiency of Wheat farms in Central of Iraqen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
dcterms.available2018-03-31en_US
dcterms.extent288-294en_US
dcterms.issued2018-03-31en_US
cg.creator.idShideed, Kamel: 0000-0002-2822-1097en_US
cg.creator.idDhehibi, Boubaker: 0000-0003-3854-6669en_US
cg.subject.agrovocwheaten_US
cg.subject.agrovocsoil salinityen_US
cg.subject.agrovocWheaten_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerMinistry of Agriculture Iraqen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Baghdad, College of Agricultureen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems - DSen_US
cg.contributor.crpCGIAR Research Program on Wheat - WHEATen_US
cg.contributor.funderArab Fund for Economic and Social Development - AFESDen_US
cg.contributor.projectCOOPERATION PROGRAMS BETWEEN ICARDA AND THE NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH PROGRAMS OF ARAB COUNTRIESen_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionWestern Asiaen_US
cg.coverage.countryIQen_US
cg.contactm_j_a1973@yahoo.comen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US
mel.project.openhttps://mel.cgiar.org/projects/194en_US
mel.sub-typeOther (Journal Article)en_US
cg.issn0075-0530en_US
cg.journalIraqi Journal of Agricultural Sciencesen_US
cg.issue2en_US
cg.volume49en_US


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