The genome of cultivated peanut provides insight into legume karyotypes, polyploid evolution and crop domestication
Impact factor: 27.125 (Year: 2019)
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Weijian Zhuang, Hua Chen, Meng Yang, Jianping Wang, Manish K Pandey, Chong Zhang, Wen-Chi Chang, Liangsheng Zhang, Xingtan Zhang, Ronghua Tang, Garg Vanika, Xingjun Wang, Haibao Tang, Chi-Nga Chow, Jinpeng Wang, Ye Deng, Depeng Wang, Aamir Khan, Qiang Yang, Tiecheng Cai, Prasad Bajaj, Kangcheng Wu, Baozhu Guo, Xinyou Zhang, Jingjing Li, Fan Liang, Jiang Hu, Boshou Liao, Shengyi Liu, Annapurna Chitikineni, Hansong Yan, Yixiong Zheng, Shihua Shan, Qinzheng Liu, Dongyang Xie, Zhenyi Wang, Shahid Khan, Niaz Ali, Chuanzhi Zhao, Xinguo Li, Ziliang Luo, Shubiao Zhang, Ruirong Zhuang, Ze Peng, Shuaiyan Wang, Gandeka Mamadou, Yuhui Zhuang, Zifan Zhao, Weichang Yu, Faqian Xiong, Weipeng Quan, Mei Yuan, Yu Li, Huasong Zou, Han Xia, Li Zha, Junpeng Fan, Jigao Yu, Wenping Xie, Jiaqing Yuan, Kun Chen, Shanshan Zhao, Wenting Chu, Yuting Chen, Pengchuan Sun, Fanbo Meng, Tao Zhuo, Yuhao Zhao, Chunjuan Li, Guohao He, Yongli Zhao, Congcong Wang, Polavarapu B. Kavi Kishor, Rong-Long Pan, Andrew H. Paterson, xiyin wang, Ray Ming, Rajeev Varshney. (1/5/2019). The genome of cultivated peanut provides insight into legume karyotypes, polyploid evolution and crop domestication. Nature Genetics, 5(51), pp. 865-876.
High oil and protein content make tetraploid peanut a leading oil and food legume. Here we report a high-quality peanut genome sequence, comprising 2.54 Gb with 20 pseudomolecules and 83,709 protein-coding gene models. We characterize gene functional groups implicated in seed size evolution, seed oil content, disease resistance and symbiotic nitrogen fixation. The peanut B subgenome has more genes and general expression dominance, temporally associated with long-terminal-repeat expansion in the A subgenome that also raises questions about the A-genome progenitor. The polyploid genome provided insights into the evolution of Arachis hypogaea and other legume chromosomes. Resequencing of 52 accessions suggests that independent domestications formed peanut ecotypes. Whereas 0.42–0.47 million years ago (Ma) polyploidy constrained genetic variation, the peanut genome sequence aids mapping and candidate-gene discovery for traits such as seed size and color, foliar disease resistance and others, also providing a cornerstone for functional genomics and peanut improvement.
Pandey, Manish Khttps://orcid.org/0000-0002-4101-6530
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Title: The genome sequences of Arachis duranensis and Arachis ipaensis, the diploid ancestors of cultivated peanut Author(s)Bertioli, David John; Cannon, Steven B; Froenicke, Lutz; Huang, Guodong; Farmer, Andrew; Cannon, Ethalinda; Liu, Xin; Gao, Dongying; Clevenger, Josh; Dash, Sudhansu; Ren, Longhui; Moretzsohn, Márcio C; Shirasawa, Kenta; Huang, Wei; vidigal, Bruna; Abernathy, Brian; Chu, Ye; Niederhuth, Chad; Umale, Pooja; Guerra de Araujo, Ana Claudia; Kozik, Alexander; Do Kim, Kyung; Burow, Mark D; Varshney, Rajeev; Wang, Xingjun; Zhang, Xinyou; Barkley, Noelle; Guimarães, Patrícia M; Isobe, Sachiko; Guo, Baozhu; Liao, Boshou; Stalker, H Thomas; Schmitz, Robert J; Scheffler, Brian; Leal-Bertioli, Soraya C M; Xu, Xun; Jackson, Scott; Michelmore, Richard; Ozias-Akins, PeggyDate: 2016-04-30Type: Journal ArticleStatus: Open accessCultivated peanut (Arachis hypogaea) is an allotetraploid with closely related subgenomes of a total size of ~2.7 Gb. This makes the assembly of chromosomal pseudomolecules very challenging. As a foundation to understanding ...
Title: Draft genome of the peanut A-genome progenitor (Arachis duranensis) provides insights into geocarpy, oil biosynthesis, and allergens Author(s)Chen, Xiaoping; Li, Hongjie; Pandey, Manish K; Yang, Qingli; wang, xiyin; Vanika, Garg; Lia, Haifen; Chi, Xiaoyuan; Doddamani, Dadakhalandar; Hong, Yanbin; Upadhyaya, Hari D.; Guo, Hui; Khan, Aamir; Zhang, Xiaoyan; Pan, Lijuan; Pierce, Gary J.; Zhou, Guiyuan; Katta, Mohan AVS; Chen, Mingna; Zhong, Ni; Agarwal, Gaurav; Li, Shuanzhu; Chitikineni, Annapurna; Zhang, Guo-Qiang; Sharma, Shivali; Chen, Na; Liu, Haiyan; Janila, Pasupuleti; Li, Shaoxiong; Wang, Min; Wang, Tong; Sun, Jie; Li, Xingyu; Li, Chunyan; Wang, Mian; Yu, Lina; Wen, Shijie; Singh, Sube; Yang, Zhen; Zhao, Jinming; Zhang, Chushu; Yu, Yue; Bi, Jie; Zhang, Xiaojun; Liug, Zhong-Jian; Paterson, Andrew H.; Wang, Shuping; Liang, Xuanqiang; Varshney, Rajeev; Yu, ShanlinDate: 2016-06-14Type: Journal ArticleStatus: Open accessPeanut or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.), a legume of South American origin, has high seed oil content (45–56%) and is a staple crop in semiarid tropical and subtropical regions, partially because of drought tolerance ...
Author(s)Guo, Baozhu; Khera, Pawan; Wang, Hui; Peng, Ze; Sudini, Hari kishan; Wang, Xingjun; Osiru, Moses; Chen, Jing; Vadez, Vincent; Yuan, Mei; Wang, Chuan T.; Zhang, Xinyou; Waliyar, Farid; Wang, Jianping; Varshney, RajeevDate: 2016-11-30Type: Book ChapterStatus: Open accessPeanut or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is second, behind soybean, in the world’s legume oilseed market. In 2012, global production was 41.2metric tons from an area of 24.7million hectares (FAOSTAT, 2014). Yield of peanut ...