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dc.contributorYamamoto, Sadahiroen_US
dc.contributorQadir, Manzooren_US
dc.contributorEndo, Tsuneyoshien_US
dc.contributorMasunaga, Tsugiyukien_US
dc.contributorAhmad, Zahooren_US
dc.creatorSato, Toshioen_US
dc.identifier.citationToshio Sato, Sadahiro Yamamoto, Manzoor Qadir, Tsuneyoshi Endo, Tsugiyuki Masunaga, Zahoor Ahmad. (31/12/2014). Long-Term Effects of Wastewater Irrigation on Soil Heavy Metal Contamination in Peri-urban Areas of Aleppo, Syria. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 16, pp. 1153-1158.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe present study was conducted to assess the heavy metal (Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn) distribution in soils of the area that had been under wastewater irrigation for more than 25 years in peri-urban Aleppo, Syria. Wastewater was highly contaminated with Cr with concentration of 0.3 mg L-1 which is three times higher than the Syrian and World Health Organization's standards. Ultimately soils irrigated with wastewater contained significantly higher concentration of Cr as well as Zn compared to the fields irrigated with fresh groundwater (p<0.05). The soil heavy metal fractionation data showed that most of the heavy metals in wastewater-irrigated soils significantly increased in bound to oxides of Mn and Fe or with soil organic matter fractions as compared to groundwater-irrigated soils, except for Ni (p<0.05). Although these fractions are relatively less bioavailable and less mobile, there would pose the risks of the heavy metal release from these solid phase into liquid phase, when soils would be anaerobic condition for poorly crystalline of Fe oxide or decomposition conditions for soil organic matter. (C) 2014 Friends Science Publishersen_US
dc.publisherFriends Science Publishersen_US
dc.sourceInternational Journal of Agriculture and Biology;16,Pagination 1153,1158en_US
dc.subjectmanganese and iron oxidesen_US
dc.subjectsequential extractionen_US
dc.subjecturban and peri-urban agricultureen_US
dc.titleLong-Term Effects of Wastewater Irrigation on Soil Heavy Metal Contamination in Peri-urban Areas of Aleppo, Syriaen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.centerTottori University, The United Graduate School of Agricultural Sciences - Tottori - UGSoASen_US
cg.contributor.centerTottori University, Faculty of Agriculture - Tottori - FoAen_US
cg.contributor.centerUnited Nations University Institute of Water, Environment and Health - UNU-INWEHen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Water Management Institute - IWMIen_US
cg.contributor.centerShimane University, Faculty of Life and Environmental Sciencesen_US
cg.contributor.centerUniversity of Haripuren_US
cg.contributor.funderEuropean Union, European Commission - EU-ECen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.coverage.regionWestern Asiaen_US
dc.identifier.statusOpen accessen_US

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