Reproductive performance and milk production of Central Highland and Boer x Central Highland goats
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Zeleke Tesema, Kefyalew Alemayehu, Damitie Kebede, Tesfaye Getachew, Alemu Kefale, Belay Deribe. (21/12/2020). Reproductive performance and milk production of Central Highland and Boer x Central Highland goats. Heliyon, 6 (12).
This study was conducted to evaluate the reproductive performance and milk production potential of Central Highland and Boer x Central Highland goats under semi-intensive management. Data were collected from 2009 till 2018 in the Sirinka goat breeding station. A general linear model procedure of the Statistical Analysis System (SAS) was used to analyze the data. The overall least-squares mean litter size at birth (LSB), litter size at weaning (LSW), total litter weight at birth, total litter weight at weaning and gestation length (GL) were 1.6 0.02 kids, 1.4 0.02 kids, 3.9 0.05 kg, 13.6 0.35 kg and 148.0 0.33 days, respectively. The LSB, LSW and GL did not differ between Central Highland and their F1 and F2 crossbred dams. However, F2 dams produce the lightest kid at birth and weaning. Besides, birth type, season, year and parity were important sources of variation for most of the reproductive traits. The least-squares mean for daily milk yield (DMY), lactation milk yield (LMY) and lactation length (LL) were 0.34 0.02 kg, 39.16 3.00 kg and 104.2 4.45 days, respectively. The DMY and LMY of Boer x Central Highland goats were higher than pure Central Highland goats by 46.4% and 27.2%, respectively. However, the LL for both genotypes was found to be similar (P > 0.05). Dams kidding during the short rainy season produce more milk than kidding during dry and main rainy seasons. Boer x Central Highland goats produce more milk than pure Central Highland goats. However, using Boer crossbred dams did not reveal any advantage over the base Central Highland dams in terms of reproductive performance. Therefore, using Central Highland goat as a dam line, improving the management and integration of crossbreeding with selection could be an ideal option to improve the overall productivity of goats.
- Agricultural Research Knowledge