Assessment of AFLP-based Genetic Relationships among Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Varieties of Iraq
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Jaladet M. S. Jubrael, Sripada M. Udupa, Michael Baum. (2/5/2005). Assessment of AFLP-based Genetic Relationships among Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L. ) Varieties of Iraq. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 130 (3), pp. 442-447.
Currently, the identification and characterization of date palm varieties rely on a small number of morphological traits, mainly of fruit, which are complex and greatly infl uenced by the environment. As a result, different varietal names may actually refer to the same variety while different varieties may have the same name. Therefore, new descriptors like molecular markers are required to identify, characterize, and estimate genetic diversity in this crop. Here we used amplifi ed fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers to discriminate 18 Iraqi date palm varieties and to estimate the genetic relationship among the varieties. A total of 122 polymorphic AFLP loci were scored, with an average of 17.4 polymorphic loci per primer combination. The use of any one of the four combinations, P101(aacg)/ M95(aaaa), P74(ggt)/M95(aaaa), P73(ggg)/M95(aaaa), or P100(aacc)/M95(aaaa), was suffi cient to uniquely identify all the varieties. Jaccardʼs genetic similarity index ranged from 0.108 to 0.756, indicating moderate to diverse relationships. Estimation of average proportion of fi xed recessive AFLP loci indicated that most of the loci in variety ʻChipchabʼ were fixed, whereas most of the loci in ʻJamal Al-Deanʼ could be heterozygous and in-between in other varieties. Unweighted pair group method with arithmatic mean (UPGMA) analysis ordered the date palm varieties fi rst into two broad groups at 27% similarity levels. One group consisted of seven varieties and the second group consisted of the remaining 11 varieties of date palm. These results showed that the AFLP technique is an effi cient method for varietal identifi cation and estimating genetic relationships in date palm
- Agricultural Research Knowledge 
Udupa, Sripada M.https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4225-7843