Boron toxicity in barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) seedlings in relation to soil temperature
Impact factor: 4.192 (Year: 1995)
MetadataShow full item record
Timeless limited access
V. Mahalakshmi, S. K. Yau, John Ryan, John M. Peacock. (1/12/1995). Boron toxicity in barley (Hordeum vulgare L. ) seedlings in relation to soil temperature. Plant and Soil, 177, pp. 151-156.
Boron (B) is an essential micronutrient in crop growth but its sufficiency range is narrow. Boron toxicity is a widespread problem in arid and semi-arid areas with cold weather. We investigated the effect of soil temperature (5, 10 and 15°C) on development of symptoms of B toxicity, plant growth and plant development, and on content and concentration of B in tissue of seedlings of four barley lines grown in soil with high level of available B (12 mg kg−1). Visual symptoms of toxicity were first observed in the high B soil concentration treatment at 5 °C at 12 days after emergence. Concentration of B in tissue decreased with increasing soil-temperatures. There was no effect of soil temperature on B content or B concentration in plant tissue at the final sample (17 days after emergence). High soil B reduced seedling and leaf emergence rates, although the final seedling emergence and number of leaves were unaffected. Barley lines differed in concentration of B in tissues and visual toxicity symptom development. Adaptation to high B was either through maintaining low tissue B concentration or through tolerance to high tissue B concentration. While the investigated range of temperature does influence B toxicity in barley seedlings, it remains to be determined whether it affects crop yield.
- Agricultural Research Knowledge