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dc.contributorMazid, Ahmeden_US
dc.contributorSalahieh, Hishamen_US
dc.creatorAw-Hassan, Aden A.en_US
dc.date2008-07-31en_US
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-04T17:30:19Z
dc.date.available2018-10-04T17:30:19Z
dc.identifierhttps://mel.cgiar.org/dspace/limiteden_US
dc.identifierhttps://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/experimental-agriculture/article/div-classtitlethe-role-of-informal-farmer-to-farmer-seed-distribution-in-diffusion-of-new-barley-varieties-in-syriadiv/D58FF18B315C9C4AF08744141D546EC7en_US
dc.identifier.citationAden A. Aw-Hassan, Ahmed Mazid, Hisham Salahieh. (31/7/2008). The Role of Informal Farmer-To-Farmer Seed Distribution in Diffusion of New Barley Varieties in Syria. Experimental Agriculture, 44 (3), pp. 413-431.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11766/8440
dc.description.abstractThis study examines the role, structure and effectiveness of informal seed systems in the diffusion of new barley varieties. It uses data collected by tracing farmers who received new barley varieties and other farmers who purchased seeds through farmer-to-farmer seed trade over a period of five years. The principal finding was that informal farmer-to-farmer seed dissemination was an important vehicle for the diffusion of new barley varieties, which were grow on 27% of the barley area of monitored farmers, despite a complete lack of extension support. Almost all seed exchanges were undertaken through purchases at market prices, highlighting the importance of markets in informal seed systems. The second main finding was the high concentration of seed sales among a few key seed suppliers, who established reputations as reliable sources of seed and had contacts with research organizations. The importance of market-based local seed transactions implies that farmers specializing in seed sales can invest in local seed enterprises and provide sustainable services at affordable prices. The results of this study indicate great potential for supporting local seed suppliers in order to ensure a sustainable flow of new crop varieties to smallholder farmers in the dry areas. The study also examined farmers’ criteria in evaluating and eventually adopting a new variety. These criteria depend on agro-ecological zones with more complex criteria in drier areas with high rainfall variability. These findings will help plant breeding programmes to target dry and marginal areas, where access to new varieties is low, more effectively.en_US
dc.formatPDFen_US
dc.languageenen_US
dc.publisherCambridge University Press (CUP): STM Journalsen_US
dc.rightsCC-BY-NC-4.0en_US
dc.sourceExperimental Agriculture;44,(2008) Pagination 413,431en_US
dc.subjectBarleyen_US
dc.titleThe Role of Informal Farmer-To-Farmer Seed Distribution in Diffusion of New Barley Varieties in Syriaen_US
dc.typeJournal Articleen_US
cg.creator.idAw-Hassan, Aden A.: 0000-0002-9236-4949en_US
cg.creator.ID-typeORCIDen_US
cg.subject.agrovocbarleyen_US
cg.subject.agrovocfarmersen_US
cg.subject.agrovocsyriaen_US
cg.subject.agrovocseed systemsen_US
cg.contributor.centerInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.funderInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.contributor.projectCommunication and Documentation Information Services (CODIS)en_US
cg.contributor.project-lead-instituteInternational Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas - ICARDAen_US
cg.date.embargo-end-dateTimelessen_US
cg.coverage.regionWestern Asiaen_US
cg.coverage.countrySYen_US
cg.contacta.mazid@cgiar.orgen_US
cg.identifier.doihttps://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S001447970800642Xen_US
dc.identifier.statusTimeless limited accessen_US
mel.impact-factor1.680en_US


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